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The natural wealth of the Soviet union and its exploitation
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Gubkin, I. M. (Ivan Mikhaĭlovich), 1871-1939. The natural wealth of the Soviet union and its exploitation - Image 10. 1932. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. September 24, 2020. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/6492/show/6425.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Gubkin, I. M. (Ivan Mikhaĭlovich), 1871-1939. (1932). The natural wealth of the Soviet union and its exploitation - Image 10. Socialist and Communist Pamphlets. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/6492/show/6425

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Gubkin, I. M. (Ivan Mikhaĭlovich), 1871-1939, The natural wealth of the Soviet union and its exploitation - Image 10, 1932, Socialist and Communist Pamphlets, Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries, accessed September 24, 2020, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/6492/show/6425.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title The natural wealth of the Soviet union and its exploitation
Alternative Title The natural wealth of the Soviet union and its exploitation: an address delivered before the extraordinary session of the Academy of Sciences of the Soviet union held in Moscow, June 21 - 27, 1931
Creator (LCNAF)
  • Gubkin, I. M. (Ivan Mikhaĭlovich), 1871-1939
Contributor (Local)
  • Akademii︠a︡ nauk SSSR
Publisher Co-operative Publishing Society of Foreign Workers in the U.S.S.R.
Place of Creation (TGN)
  • Moscow, Russia
Date 1932
Subject.Topical (LCSH)
  • Natural resources
Subject.Geographic (TGN)
  • Soviet Union
Genre (AAT)
  • pamphlets
Language English
Type (DCMI)
  • Text
Original Item Location HC335.G82 1932
Original Item URL http://library.uh.edu/record=b8304510~S5
Original Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection URL http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp
Repository Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries
Repository URL http://libraries.uh.edu/branches/special-collections
Use and Reproduction In Copyright: This item is protected by copyright. Copyright to this resource is held by the creator or current rights holder, and the resource is provided here for educational purposes. It may not be reproduced or distributed in any format without permission of the copyright owner. Users assume full responsibility for any infringement of copyright or related rights.
File Name index.cpd
Item Description
Title Image 10
Format (IMT)
  • image/jpeg
File Name uhlib_1800818_009.jpg
Transcript other words, with the advance in technical progress, man learned more and more about the properties and qualities of the substances and forces of nature, continually extending their sphere of utilisation, thus enhancing the importance of these natural resources. To sum up, natural wealth, or natural resources — whether mineral, animal, or vegetable — cannot be said to exist in a definite predetermined quantity. The development of natural resources, and the degree of their exploitation, is the function of a definite development of the forces of production, of the technical and economic conditions of a given human society or of a given country. It was only after the discovery of fire that the advent of the iron age was made possible, which supplanted the stone age and added iron ore to the utilised wealth of nature. Not so very long ago no attention was paid to coal, whereas now it is one of the most important sources of energy. Only some 70 years ago nobody was interested in petroleum, whereas now we find "civilised humanity" ready to cut one another's throats for it. The history of drawing of oil into the system of human economy is particularly instructive. At first, it was used only to obtain an illuminant, kerosene. Benzine and maz- out residues were simply discarded as waste. Thus, at Baku, mazout' used to be poured into ditches running through the streets, and that portion of the town became known as "Black Town," a name it has retained to this day. Why was mazout thrown away? Because they did not know how to burn it. As soon as the required process was discovered, mazout became an exceedingly valuable fuel, surpassing by far the highest grades of coal in usefulness. Benzine has a similar history. Prior to the appearance ! 1 8