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The natural wealth of the Soviet union and its exploitation
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Gubkin, I. M. (Ivan Mikhaĭlovich), 1871-1939. The natural wealth of the Soviet union and its exploitation - Image 8. 1932. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. September 24, 2020. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/6492/show/6423.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Gubkin, I. M. (Ivan Mikhaĭlovich), 1871-1939. (1932). The natural wealth of the Soviet union and its exploitation - Image 8. Socialist and Communist Pamphlets. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/6492/show/6423

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Gubkin, I. M. (Ivan Mikhaĭlovich), 1871-1939, The natural wealth of the Soviet union and its exploitation - Image 8, 1932, Socialist and Communist Pamphlets, Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries, accessed September 24, 2020, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/6492/show/6423.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title The natural wealth of the Soviet union and its exploitation
Alternative Title The natural wealth of the Soviet union and its exploitation: an address delivered before the extraordinary session of the Academy of Sciences of the Soviet union held in Moscow, June 21 - 27, 1931
Creator (LCNAF)
  • Gubkin, I. M. (Ivan Mikhaĭlovich), 1871-1939
Contributor (Local)
  • Akademii︠a︡ nauk SSSR
Publisher Co-operative Publishing Society of Foreign Workers in the U.S.S.R.
Place of Creation (TGN)
  • Moscow, Russia
Date 1932
Subject.Topical (LCSH)
  • Natural resources
Subject.Geographic (TGN)
  • Soviet Union
Genre (AAT)
  • pamphlets
Language English
Type (DCMI)
  • Text
Original Item Location HC335.G82 1932
Original Item URL http://library.uh.edu/record=b8304510~S5
Original Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection URL http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp
Repository Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries
Repository URL http://libraries.uh.edu/branches/special-collections
Use and Reproduction In Copyright: This item is protected by copyright. Copyright to this resource is held by the creator or current rights holder, and the resource is provided here for educational purposes. It may not be reproduced or distributed in any format without permission of the copyright owner. Users assume full responsibility for any infringement of copyright or related rights.
File Name index.cpd
Item Description
Title Image 8
Format (IMT)
  • image/jpeg
File Name uhlib_1800818_007.jpg
Transcript conception of "natural wealth" or "natural resources." Both the Commission and the present Council for the Study of the Productive Forces of the Country had been studying our natural resources. According to the Marxian point of view, the only correct one, the term "productive forces" denotes those forces which take part in the process of production. These forces are, first, the live force of the worker applied to the object of his labour, and the object itself of this labour, which, together with the tools of production, constitute the means of production. Labour is, in the first place, a process in which both Man and Nature participate, and in which Man of his own accord starts, regulates, and controls the material reactions between himself and Nature. He opposes himself to Nature as one of her own forces, setting in motion arms and legs, head and hands, the natural forces of his body, in order to appropriate Nature's productions in a form adapted to his own wants. By thus acting on the external world and changing it, he at the same time changes his own nature (Marx, Capital, Vol. I, Charles H. Kerr edition, page 197). In the process of labour, man adapts himself to external nature, yet he does so not passively, but actively, placing between himself and nature, if necessary, the tools of labour, the tools of production. An instrument of labour is a thing, or a complex of things, which the labourer interposes between himself and the subject of his labour, and which serves as the conductor of his activity (Ibid., page 199). Coal, ores, running water, etc., become forces of production when drawn into the process of production, when taking part in it and jointly with the live force of the worker equipped with the tools of production creating products of labour. The question arises, should those reserves of coal, or oil, or forest lands which take no part as yet in the earth or upon its surface, and which take no part as yet in the process of production, be considered forces of production? I believe such a designation would be wrong. They are merely natural substances, not yet 6