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The draft program of the Communist International
Image 102
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Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940. The draft program of the Communist International - Image 102. 1929. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. December 3, 2020. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/6178/show/6123.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940. (1929). The draft program of the Communist International - Image 102. Socialist and Communist Pamphlets. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/6178/show/6123

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940, The draft program of the Communist International - Image 102, 1929, Socialist and Communist Pamphlets, Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries, accessed December 3, 2020, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/6178/show/6123.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Compound Item Description
Title The draft program of the Communist International
Alternative Title The draft program of the Communist International: a criticism of fundamentals
Creator (LCNAF)
  • Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940
Contributor (LCNAF)
  • Cannon, James Patrick, 1890-1974
Publisher "The Militant"
Place of Creation (TGN)
  • New York, New York
Date 1929
Subject.Topical (Local)
  • Politics and government
Subject.Name (LCNAF)
  • Communist International
Subject.Geographic (TGN)
  • China
Genre (AAT)
  • pamphlets
Language English
Type (DCMI)
  • Text
Original Item Extent 139 pages; 20 cm
Original Item Location HX11.I5T73
Original Item URL http://library.uh.edu/record=b8304416~S5
Original Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection URL http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp
Repository Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries
Repository URL http://libraries.uh.edu/branches/special-collections
Use and Reproduction In Copyright: This item is protected by copyright. Copyright to this resource is held by the creator or current rights holder, and the resource is provided here for educational purposes. It may not be reproduced or distributed in any format without permission of the copyright owner. Users assume full responsibility for any infringement of copyright or related rights.
File Name index.cpd
Item Description
Title Image 102
Format (IMT)
  • image/jpeg
File Name uhlib_1984506_101.jpg
Transcript 88 THE DRAFT PROGRAM OF 2. STAGES OF THE CHINESE REVOLUTION. The first stage of the Kuomintang was the period of domination of the national bourgeoisie under the apologetic banner of an "Alliance of Four Classes". The second period, after the Chiang Kai-shek coup d'Etat was an experiment of parallel and "independent" domination of the Chinese Kerensky. While the Russian Populists, together with the Mensheviks, lent to their shortlived "dictatorship" the form of an open dual power, the Chinese "revolutionary democracy" did not reach that stage. And inasmuch as history in general does not work to order, there is nothing left for us but to understand that there is not and that there will not be any other "democratic dictatorship" except the Kuomintang dictatorship of 1925. This remains equally true regardless of the fact as to whether the semi-unification of China accomplished by the Kuomintang will be maintained in the coming period or whether the country will again be broken to pieces. But precisely when the class dialectics of the revolution, having spent all its resources, put on the order of the day the question of the dictatorship of the proletariat, with the numberless millions of oppressed and down' trodden of town and country on its side, the E.C. C.I. advanced the slogan of a democratic dictatorship (that is, bourgeois democracy) of the workers and peasants. The reply to this was the Canton insurrection which, with all its prematurity, with all the adventurism of its leaders, lifted the curtain over a new stage, or, more correctly, over the coming THIRD Chinese revolution. Trying to insure themselves against the sins of the past, the leaders terrifically forced the trend of events at the end of last year and brought about