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The draft program of the Communist International
Image 47
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Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940. The draft program of the Communist International - Image 47. 1929. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. September 30, 2020. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/6178/show/6068.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940. (1929). The draft program of the Communist International - Image 47. Socialist and Communist Pamphlets. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/6178/show/6068

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940, The draft program of the Communist International - Image 47, 1929, Socialist and Communist Pamphlets, Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries, accessed September 30, 2020, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/6178/show/6068.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Compound Item Description
Title The draft program of the Communist International
Alternative Title The draft program of the Communist International: a criticism of fundamentals
Creator (LCNAF)
  • Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940
Contributor (LCNAF)
  • Cannon, James Patrick, 1890-1974
Publisher "The Militant"
Place of Creation (TGN)
  • New York, New York
Date 1929
Subject.Topical (Local)
  • Politics and government
Subject.Name (LCNAF)
  • Communist International
Subject.Geographic (TGN)
  • China
Genre (AAT)
  • pamphlets
Language English
Type (DCMI)
  • Text
Original Item Extent 139 pages; 20 cm
Original Item Location HX11.I5T73
Original Item URL http://library.uh.edu/record=b8304416~S5
Original Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection URL http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp
Repository Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries
Repository URL http://libraries.uh.edu/branches/special-collections
Use and Reproduction In Copyright: This item is protected by copyright. Copyright to this resource is held by the creator or current rights holder, and the resource is provided here for educational purposes. It may not be reproduced or distributed in any format without permission of the copyright owner. Users assume full responsibility for any infringement of copyright or related rights.
File Name index.cpd
Item Description
Title Image 47
Format (IMT)
  • image/jpeg
File Name uhlib_1984506_046.jpg
Transcript :he communist international 33 heroic revolutionary struggle against the monarchy (the slogans of the January conference of 1912— 'three stages'), a struggle which would attract all democratic masses, that is, first and foremost the peasants. At the same time a ruthless struggle must be waged against chauvinism, a struggle FOR THE SOCIALIST REVOLUTION IN EUROPE in alliance with its proletariat. . . The war crisis HAS STRENGTHENED the economic and political factors driving the petty bourgeoisie, including the peasantry, towards the Left. Therein lies the objective basis of the absolute possibility of a victory of the DEMOCRATIC REVOLUTION in Russia. That the OBJECTIVE CONDITIONS FOR A SOCIALIST REVOLUTION HAVE FULLY MATURED IN WESTERN EUROPE there is no need to prove. This was recognized before the war by all influential Socialists of all advanced countries." —(Vol. 13, page 212. Our emphasis). Thus, in 1915, Lenin clearly spoke of a demo- ratic revolution in Russia and of a Socialist Revolution in Western Europe. In passing, as of something which is self-evident, he mentions that in Western Europe, distinct from Russia, in contradistinction to Russia, the conditions for a Socialist revolution have "fully matured." But this quotation—one of many—which squarely and directly sfers to Russia, the authors of the new theory, le authors of the draft program, simply ignore as they ignore hundreds of other passages, as they ignore all of Lenin's works. Instead of taking notice of this, they, as we have seen, take another passage which refers to Western Europe, ascribe to it a meaning which it cannot and does not mean to have, attach this ascribed meaning to Russia, a country which the passage did not have in mind, and on this "foundation" they build their new theory. What was Lenin's position on this question immediately before the October period? On leaving Switzerland after the February revolution in 1917,