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The draft program of the Communist International
Image 21
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Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940. The draft program of the Communist International - Image 21. 1929. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. September 28, 2020. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/6178/show/6042.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940. (1929). The draft program of the Communist International - Image 21. Socialist and Communist Pamphlets. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/6178/show/6042

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940, The draft program of the Communist International - Image 21, 1929, Socialist and Communist Pamphlets, Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries, accessed September 28, 2020, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/6178/show/6042.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Compound Item Description
Title The draft program of the Communist International
Alternative Title The draft program of the Communist International: a criticism of fundamentals
Creator (LCNAF)
  • Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940
Contributor (LCNAF)
  • Cannon, James Patrick, 1890-1974
Publisher "The Militant"
Place of Creation (TGN)
  • New York, New York
Date 1929
Subject.Topical (Local)
  • Politics and government
Subject.Name (LCNAF)
  • Communist International
Subject.Geographic (TGN)
  • China
Genre (AAT)
  • pamphlets
Language English
Type (DCMI)
  • Text
Original Item Extent 139 pages; 20 cm
Original Item Location HX11.I5T73
Original Item URL http://library.uh.edu/record=b8304416~S5
Original Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection URL http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp
Repository Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries
Repository URL http://libraries.uh.edu/branches/special-collections
Use and Reproduction In Copyright: This item is protected by copyright. Copyright to this resource is held by the creator or current rights holder, and the resource is provided here for educational purposes. It may not be reproduced or distributed in any format without permission of the copyright owner. Users assume full responsibility for any infringement of copyright or related rights.
File Name index.cpd
Item Description
Title Image 21
Format (IMT)
  • image/jpeg
File Name uhlib_1984506_020.jpg
Transcript THE COMMUNIST INTERNATIONAL 2. THE UNITED STATES OF EUROPE To characterize the first, fortunately discarded draft, it will suffice to say that, so far as we re' member, it did not even mention the United States of America. The cardinal problems of the imperialist epoch which, by dint of the very nature of the epoch, must be taken not only in their abstract theoretical but also in their material and historical aspect, were dissolved in the first draft into a lifeless outline of a capitalist country "in general." However, the new draft, and this of course is a great step forward, states that "the economic center of the world has shifted to the United States of America"; that "the 'Dollar Republic' has become the exploiter of all countries"; that the United States "has already won world hegemony for itself," and finally that the competition (in the draft it is wrongly stated "conflict") between United States and European capitalism, primarily British capitalism, "is becoming the pivot in the world conflicts." This has already become absolutely obvious, and a program which would not contain a clear and exact definition of these main facts and features of the world situation would not be a program of an international revolutionary Party. Unfortunately the main facts and tendencies of the international development of the new epoch indicated above are mentioned in the text of the draft, grafted on to it, so to say, in the way of theoretical back-writing without having any inter- contact with the rest of the structure and without leading to any perspective or strategical deductions. The NEW role of America in Europe since the capitulation of the Communist Party of Germany