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The collapse of the Second International
Image 25
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Lenin, Vladimir Ilʹich, 1870-1924. The collapse of the Second International - Image 25. 1920?. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. May 27, 2020. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/609/show/557.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Lenin, Vladimir Ilʹich, 1870-1924. (1920?). The collapse of the Second International - Image 25. Socialist and Communist Pamphlets. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/609/show/557

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Lenin, Vladimir Ilʹich, 1870-1924, The collapse of the Second International - Image 25, 1920?, Socialist and Communist Pamphlets, Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries, accessed May 27, 2020, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/609/show/557.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Compound Item Description
Title The collapse of the Second International
Creator (LCNAF)
  • Lenin, Vladimir Ilʹich, 1870-1924
Contributor (Local)
  • Sirnis, Alexander, translator
Publisher The Socialist Labour Press
Place of Creation (TGN)
  • Glasgow
Date 1920?
Subject.Topical (LCSH)
  • Socialism
  • World War, 1914-1918
Subject.Name (LCNAF)
  • International Socialist Congress
Genre (AAT)
  • pamphlets
Language English
Type (DCMI)
  • Text
Original Item Extent 72 pages: portrait; 20 cm.
Original Item Location HX11.I5L383
Original Item URL http://library.uh.edu/record=b8320090~S11
Original Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection URL http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp
Repository Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries
Repository URL http://libraries.uh.edu/branches/special-collections
Use and Reproduction This item is in the public domain and may be used freely.
File Name index.cpd
Item Description
Title Image 25
Format (IMT)
  • image/jpeg
File Name uhlib_4975147_024.jpg
Transcript 23 Plekhanov's coarse jingoism occupies the same position as the more refined conciliatory jingoism of Kautsky, when the latter blesses, by the following argument, the passage of the Socialists of all countries over to the side of " their " capitalists. Everyone has the right, and is bound, to defend his country; true internationalism consists in recognising that the Socialists of all nations, including the nations at war with mine, have this right (see " Neue Zeit," October 2nd, 1914, and other writings of the same author). This argument, of which there is no like, is such a vulgar mockery of Socialism that the best answer to it would be to strike a medal with the heads of William II. and Nicholas II. on the one side, and of Plekhanov and Kautsky on the other. True internationalism, then, lies in justifying French workmen when they fire at German workmen, and the German workmen when they fire at the French—in the name of " national defence " ! Yet, if we take a closer look at the theoretical premises of Kautsky's arguments we arrive at the view which was laughed out of court by Clausewitz 80 years ago. Kautsky's argument amounts to this: " When a war begins the political relations between nations and classes, evolved historically, cease to exist, and quite a different situation arises! There are simply those who attack and those who defend themselves." The oppression of a whole series of nations, which form more than half the population of the world, by the Great Imperialist Powers, competition between the bourgeoise of these countries arising out of a division of the booty, the attempt of capital to split and crush the labour movement—all these facts have suddenly vanished from Plekhanov and Kautsky's field of vision, though they themselves, in the course of decades before the war, outlined a policy based upon these facts. Slanderous references to Marx and Engels constitute the " chief " arguments of these two leaders of Socialist jingoism. Plekhanov recalls the national war of Prussia in 1813, and of Germany in 1870; Kautskv proves, with a learned mien, that Marx weighed the question as to which bourgeoise side was more desirable in the wars of 1854-1855, 1859, and 1870-1871. Kautsky also proves that the Marxist reflected likewise regarding the wars of 1876-1877 and 1897. The method of all sophists, at all times, has been to quote examples which unmistakably refer to cases different in principle. The former wars pointed out to us were a H continua-