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The collapse of the Second International
Image 23
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Lenin, Vladimir Ilʹich, 1870-1924. The collapse of the Second International - Image 23. 1920?. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. April 1, 2020. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/609/show/555.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Lenin, Vladimir Ilʹich, 1870-1924. (1920?). The collapse of the Second International - Image 23. Socialist and Communist Pamphlets. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/609/show/555

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Lenin, Vladimir Ilʹich, 1870-1924, The collapse of the Second International - Image 23, 1920?, Socialist and Communist Pamphlets, Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries, accessed April 1, 2020, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/609/show/555.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Compound Item Description
Title The collapse of the Second International
Creator (LCNAF)
  • Lenin, Vladimir Ilʹich, 1870-1924
Contributor (Local)
  • Sirnis, Alexander, translator
Publisher The Socialist Labour Press
Place of Creation (TGN)
  • Glasgow
Date 1920?
Subject.Topical (LCSH)
  • Socialism
  • World War, 1914-1918
Subject.Name (LCNAF)
  • International Socialist Congress
Genre (AAT)
  • pamphlets
Language English
Type (DCMI)
  • Text
Original Item Extent 72 pages: portrait; 20 cm.
Original Item Location HX11.I5L383
Original Item URL http://library.uh.edu/record=b8320090~S11
Original Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection URL http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp
Repository Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries
Repository URL http://libraries.uh.edu/branches/special-collections
Use and Reproduction This item is in the public domain and may be used freely.
File Name index.cpd
Item Description
Title Image 23
Format (IMT)
  • image/jpeg
File Name uhlib_4975147_022.jpg
Transcript 21 CHAPTER IV. Socialist Jingoism : Can the War be Justified from a Working-class Point of View. What is the explanation of the betrayal of Socialism by the " leaders" of the Second International The two chief apologists for Socialist jingoism are Plekhanov and Kautsky. Plekhanov repeats the bourgeois arguments of Hyndman, etc., but Kautsky is more subtle. Theoretically, Kautsky's arguments appear better founded. The most hackneyed apology for the betrayal of Socialism in the crude excuse of defence against "oppression." "We were attacked and are defending ourselves," therefore, it is argued, that " the interests of the proletariat demand that we oppose those who violate the peace of Europe." This is but a re-hash of the declarations of every government and of the vapourings of the yellow press. " We must find the aggressor and make short shrift of him, postponing ail other questions until a further occasion," sa^ys Plekhanov in his pamphlet " On War," Paris 1914, and Axelrod echoes this in the Golos, No.'s 86 and 87. Plekhanov substitutes sophistry for dialectics. One can find " arguments " to prove anything under the sun, Hegel has rightly said. Sophistry picks out one plausible argument and parades it, but dialectics demand a many-sided investigation of any given subject. To get at the truth we must investigate social phenomena in the course of its development: seek beneath the external surface manifestations of the driving forces, and examine their relations to the productive forces and the class struggle. Plekhanov picks out a quotatios from the German S.D. press and draws attention to the fact that the Germans themselves, before the war, regarded Austria and Germany as the aggressors—this, in his eyes, caps the argument. He passes over in silence the fact that Russian Socialists have repeatedly exposed the plans of conquest of Tsarism in regard to Galicia, Armenia, and so forth. He makes no attempt to touch upon the economic and diplomatic history of the last three