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The witchcraft trial in Moscow
Image 25
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Adler, Friedrich. The witchcraft trial in Moscow - Image 25. 1937. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. June 22, 2021. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/5987/show/5975.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Adler, Friedrich. (1937). The witchcraft trial in Moscow - Image 25. Socialist and Communist Pamphlets. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/5987/show/5975

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Adler, Friedrich, The witchcraft trial in Moscow - Image 25, 1937, Socialist and Communist Pamphlets, Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries, accessed June 22, 2021, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/5987/show/5975.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Compound Item Description
Title The witchcraft trial in Moscow
Creator (LCNAF)
  • Adler, Friedrich
Publisher Pioneer Publishers
Date 1937
Description In regard to the trial of Zinoviev, Kamenev and others in August, 1936.
Subject.Topical (LCSH)
  • Trials
Subject.Name (LCNAF)
  • Zinovyev, Grigory Y.
  • Kamenev, Lev B.
Subject.Geographic (TGN)
  • Soviet Union
Genre (AAT)
  • pamphlets
Language English
Type (DCMI)
  • Text
Original Item Extent 32 pages; 20 cm
Original Item Location DK267.P25 1937
Original Item URL http://library.uh.edu/record=b8304411~S11
Original Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection URL http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp
Repository Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries
Repository URL http://libraries.uh.edu/branches/special-collections
Use and Reproduction In Copyright
File Name index.cpd
Item Description
Title Image 25
Format (IMT)
  • image/jpeg
File Name uhlib_3530838_024.jpg
Transcript 1. The Communist Rundschau (1934, No. 63, p. 2846) reported as follows: "The Collegium of the Supreme Court of the U.S.S.R. proceeded on December 5 th, 1934, against 71 White Guardists who were accused of preparing and organizing terroristic acts against officials of the Soviet State. The court ascertained that the majority of the accused had slipped in through Poland, Latvia and Finland. They were entrusted with definite tasks in the organization of terroristic acts. Sixty-six accused White Guardists were sentenced to be shot. The investigation against five defendants is being continued by decision of the court." (This passage is translated from the German Rundschau. The report apparently did not appear in the English "International Press Correspondence.") Apart from the names of the defendants, which were published in the Pravda on December 4th and 6th, 1934, i.e., at the beginning of the proceedings, and in the verdict, nothing was ever heard about the details of the charge or the course of the trial. The death sentences, 37 in Leiningrad and 29 in Moscow, were immediately carried out. 2. On December 28th and 29th, 1934, the trial of Nikolayev, who had fired the shot at Kirov, and eleven other defendants, took place. All twelve accused, who were stated to have belonged to a "Leningrad Centre," were sentenced to death and immediately shot. With regard to this trial only an extract from the indictment, a page- and-a-half in length (Rundschau, 1934, p. 3101, and International Press Correspondence, 193 5, p. 31), and the verdict (Rundschau, 193 5, p. 49) are known. 3. From January 15th to 18th, 1935, the first trial of Zinoviev and Kamenev took place. Altogether there were 19 defendants before the Military Collegium of the Supreme Court. They were said to have organized a "Moscow Centre." The 19 defendants received a total of 137 years of imprisonment, of which Zinoviev and three others received ten years each. In addition, the People's Commissariat of the Interior sentenced 49 persons involved in the matter of the Zinoviev group to internment in camps for criminals for a period of four to five years, and 29 other persons to be removed to various places in the country for a period of two to five years. The reports of the trial before the Military Collegium, which was held in secret, were unusually brief. Apart from an extract from the indictment, and the verdict, only the declaration of one of the defendants (Yevdokimov) was published. The whole of the material published in the International Press Correspondence only occupies two- and-a-half pages (pp. 109-111). 4. From August 19th to 24th, 1936, the second* trial of Zinoviev and Kamenev took place. At this trial a total of 16 defendants faced the court. All of them were sentenced to death and shot. It will be seen that according to the official reports of the Bolshevik press 94 death sentences have been carried out since the assassination of Kirov. But there is no doubt that the number of victims executed without legal sentence is much greater. •Between these two trials there was another trial of Zinoviev and Kamenev which has so far been kept secret, and with regard to which only private information was available. Salomon Schwarz, who has studied with great thoroughness the whole of the material relating to the Moscow Trial and the events leading up to it, has now discovered that there are references to this secret trial in the report of the Moscow Trial of August of this year. First of all this circumstance confirms the words of Kamenev, who said that: "This is the third time I am facing a proletarian court on the charge of terroristic intentions, designs and actions" (p. 169). Then it is stated in the verdict, under previous sentences, that Kamenev was "again sentenced on July 27th, 1935, to imprisonment for ten years, in accordance with articles 17 and 588 of the Criminal Code of the R. S. F. S. R." According to private information there were thirty-eight defendants before the court at this trial and two of them were sentenced to death and shot. 23