1. The Communist Rundschau (1934, No. 63, p. 2846) reported as follows:
"The Collegium of the Supreme Court of the U.S.S.R. proceeded on December 5 th,
1934, against 71 White Guardists who were accused of preparing and organizing terroristic acts against officials of the Soviet State. The court ascertained that the majority
of the accused had slipped in through Poland, Latvia and Finland. They were entrusted
with definite tasks in the organization of terroristic acts. Sixty-six accused White
Guardists were sentenced to be shot. The investigation against five defendants is being
continued by decision of the court." (This passage is translated from the German
Rundschau. The report apparently did not appear in the English "International Press
Correspondence.") Apart from the names of the defendants, which were published in
the Pravda on December 4th and 6th, 1934, i.e., at the beginning of the proceedings,
and in the verdict, nothing was ever heard about the details of the charge or the
course of the trial. The death sentences, 37 in Leiningrad and 29 in Moscow, were
immediately carried out.
2. On December 28th and 29th, 1934, the trial of Nikolayev, who had fired the
shot at Kirov, and eleven other defendants, took place. All twelve accused, who were
stated to have belonged to a "Leningrad Centre," were sentenced to death and immediately shot. With regard to this trial only an extract from the indictment, a page-
and-a-half in length (Rundschau, 1934, p. 3101, and International Press Correspondence, 193 5, p. 31), and the verdict (Rundschau, 193 5, p. 49) are known.
3. From January 15th to 18th, 1935, the first trial of Zinoviev and Kamenev
took place. Altogether there were 19 defendants before the Military Collegium of
the Supreme Court. They were said to have organized a "Moscow Centre." The 19
defendants received a total of 137 years of imprisonment, of which Zinoviev and
three others received ten years each. In addition, the People's Commissariat of the
Interior sentenced 49 persons involved in the matter of the Zinoviev group to internment in camps for criminals for a period of four to five years, and 29 other persons
to be removed to various places in the country for a period of two to five years. The
reports of the trial before the Military Collegium, which was held in secret, were
unusually brief. Apart from an extract from the indictment, and the verdict, only
the declaration of one of the defendants (Yevdokimov) was published. The whole of
the material published in the International Press Correspondence only occupies two-
and-a-half pages (pp. 109-111).
4. From August 19th to 24th, 1936, the second* trial of Zinoviev and Kamenev
took place. At this trial a total of 16 defendants faced the court. All of them were
sentenced to death and shot.
It will be seen that according to the official reports of the Bolshevik
press 94 death sentences have been carried out since the assassination of
Kirov. But there is no doubt that the number of victims executed
without legal sentence is much greater.
•Between these two trials there was another trial of Zinoviev and Kamenev which has so far
been kept secret, and with regard to which only private information was available. Salomon
Schwarz, who has studied with great thoroughness the whole of the material relating to the Moscow Trial and the events leading up to it, has now discovered that there are references to this
secret trial in the report of the Moscow Trial of August of this year. First of all this circumstance confirms the words of Kamenev, who said that: "This is the third time I am facing a
proletarian court on the charge of terroristic intentions, designs and actions" (p. 169). Then it
is stated in the verdict, under previous sentences, that Kamenev was "again sentenced on July
27th, 1935, to imprisonment for ten years, in accordance with articles 17 and 588 of the Criminal Code of the R. S. F. S. R." According to private information there were thirty-eight
defendants before the court at this trial and two of them were sentenced to death and shot.