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The witchcraft trial in Moscow
Image 13
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Adler, Friedrich. The witchcraft trial in Moscow - Image 13. 1937. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. June 22, 2021. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/5987/show/5963.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Adler, Friedrich. (1937). The witchcraft trial in Moscow - Image 13. Socialist and Communist Pamphlets. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/5987/show/5963

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Adler, Friedrich, The witchcraft trial in Moscow - Image 13, 1937, Socialist and Communist Pamphlets, Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries, accessed June 22, 2021, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/5987/show/5963.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Compound Item Description
Title The witchcraft trial in Moscow
Creator (LCNAF)
  • Adler, Friedrich
Publisher Pioneer Publishers
Date 1937
Description In regard to the trial of Zinoviev, Kamenev and others in August, 1936.
Subject.Topical (LCSH)
  • Trials
Subject.Name (LCNAF)
  • Zinovyev, Grigory Y.
  • Kamenev, Lev B.
Subject.Geographic (TGN)
  • Soviet Union
Genre (AAT)
  • pamphlets
Language English
Type (DCMI)
  • Text
Original Item Extent 32 pages; 20 cm
Original Item Location DK267.P25 1937
Original Item URL http://library.uh.edu/record=b8304411~S11
Original Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection URL http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp
Repository Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries
Repository URL http://libraries.uh.edu/branches/special-collections
Use and Reproduction In Copyright
File Name index.cpd
Item Description
Title Image 13
Format (IMT)
  • image/jpeg
File Name uhlib_3530838_012.jpg
Transcript SOVIET SYSTEM OF POLITICAL JUSTICE The trial of Zinoviev, Kamenev and others in August, 1936, is for the moment the last of four trials which were brought into relation with the assassination of Kirov, Secretary of the Communist Party in Leningrad, on December 1st, 1934. But even before this date the four trials indicated below took place, which are of the greatest importance for an understanding of the system of political justice in the Soviet Union, as they were conducted "publicly" for propaganda purposes, on the same large scale and by precisely the same methods as the last trial. 1. In June, 1928, fifty-three defendants, mostly engineers and technicians, in the Schachty district of the Donetz Basin, stood their trial for "economic counterrevolution." They were supposed to have formed "the Counter-Revolutionary Organization of Engineers in the Coal Industry of the Soviet Union" with a "Kharkov centre" and a "Moscow centre." Eleven death sentences were pronounced, five of them were carried out, and more than 13 0 years of imprisonment were imposed. 2. In November and December, 1930, eight high economic officials with Professor Ramsin at their head, were charged with "sabotage activity." They were supposed to have founded a "Union of Engineers' Organizations" which was described by the indictment as an "Industrial Party." Five death sentences were pronounced, and the remaining defendants were each sentenced to ten years' imprisonment. The death penalties were commuted to terms of imprisonment. 3. In March, 1931, the so-called "Menshevik Trial" took place. There were fourteen defendants, and they were charged with having formed an "All-Union Bureau." They were sentenced to a total of 53 years' imprisonment. 4. In April, 1933, there was a "Sabotage and Espionage Trial" of engineers and technicians employed on various technical plants in the Soviet Union. Of the defendants eleven were Soviet citizens and six of British nationality. They were said to have organized a Sabotage and Espionage Bureau. Eight of the Soviet Russian defendants were sentenced to a total of 61 years' imprisonment, and two of the British to a total of 5 years. THE MENSHEVIK TRIAL In 1931 I had to make a thorough study of one of these trials, that of the "Menshevik Union Bureau," in all its details. From my knowledge of this trial comes my absolute certainty that the Moscow political public prosecutors systematically and deliberately extort fictitious confessions from the defendants. I will not express an opinion as to the other trials. Perhaps in these cases there were confessions which accorded with the facts. But as regards the Menshevik Trial there is no doubt whatever as to the fact of the false confessions. At this trial, an alleged visit by our Comrade Abramovitch to Russia was the central feature of the "proofs." The defendants made full "confessions" with regard to the details of their meetings and conversations with Abramovitch in Russia in the summer of 1928, but for me it is absolutely certain that all these statements were made against their better knowledge. We proved this in our pamphlet for every phase, and in the most 11