building is meticulously clean. In addition to the bedrooms, dining rooms,
consultation rooms, dispensaries, and the usual domestic offices, fine
comfortable rest rooms, as well as a hall for meetings and entertainments,
are provided. All the fittings, as also the kitchen arrangements, are of the
most modern type. The only thing that struck us unfavourably was the
situation of the laundry in the basement of the building ; we were
informed, however, that this was only a temporary arrangement, eventually
a laundry was to be constructed away from the sanatorium altogether,
and the basement would be used only for storing purposes.
The sanatorium contains 110 rooms for 205 patients in the first stage
of tuberculosis. During the summer season it is calculated to provide
treatment for 600 patients. Each patient spends six weeks at the
sanatorium, and only in urgent cases is this period prolonged. During
this time, the doctor informed us, there is generally a very marked
improvement, but as soon as the financial position of the country improves
and more sanatoria can be provided, it is hoped to prolong the stay of
the patients until a more or less permanent cure has been effected. At
present, with the meagre means still at their disposal, and the large
number of cases requiring treatment, they have to do the best they can.
Here, as usual, 80 per cent, of the patients are workers from the bench,
about 5 per cent, are peasants, and the rest teachers and clerical workers.
We met at this sanatorium men and women workers of all trades : garment
workers, textile workers, printers and paper makers, tobacco workers
and so on. All of them seemed very pleased with their surroundings.
They considered the treatment and conditions at the sanatorium very
good, and were most eager to learn the exact condition of the British
workers in their particular trade, as well as the general position of the
British Labour Movement.
Following an old Russian custom, the delegation was presented in
the bakery with an offering of bread and salt by the head baker.
Here, as in practically every other sanatorium and rest home we
visited, the staff, from head doctor to kitchen maid, seemed deeply
interested in their work and considered their present conditions a great
improvement on those obtaining before the revolution.
These are institutions provided for workers who are well enough to
continue their work, but arc not very strong, and need better food, rest,
and living conditions than they can get at home, as well as a certain
amount of regular medical attention. This is a comparatively new
development, but night sanatoria are springing up in many parts of the
country. We were invited to visit some of these sanatoria in Moscow,
Leningrad, Kharkov, and other towns. Unfortunately lack of time
prevented us visiting many of these sanatoria, but we give below the
description of one of those we saw in Kharkov which seems to be typical
of most of the others. This sanatorium accommodates seventy-five workers,
both men and women. We arrived unexpectedly when they were having
supper. We recognised a number of the workers who had been at work
at some of the factories we had visited the previous day. The sanatorium
is situated outside the town in extensive grounds of its own. It is fitted
with cloak rooms and baths. When the workers arrive after their day