number of women employed is necessarily small, considerable progress in
the increase of women pupils has been made during the last few years.
Thus in 1921-22 only | per cent, of the pupils in the metal factory schools
were women. In 1922-23 the number had risen slightly, but was still less
than 1 per cent., but by the end of 1924 the proportion was 3'8 per cent.
In Leningrad the total number of girl pupils in all the factory schools in
1922-23 was 937, by 1924 the number had grown to 1,170. The number of
girls in the metal workers' schools of Leningrad in 1922-23 was only
eighteen—in 1924 it had increased to eighty-one.
In the factory schools of the chemical industry 30 per cent, of the
pupils are girls—in some schools as many as 60 per cent, are girls, but in
others there are scarcely any girl pupils. In the schools of the textile
industry 32 per cent, are girls.
In the schools of the printing industry 23-11 per cent, are girls ; in those
of mining there are 5 to 7 per cent.—in some even 11 per cent, of
girls ; in those of the paper industry 25 to 30 per cent, are girls and so on-
In addition there are the Trade Technical Schools not directly connected
with given enterprises. Here the proportion of women studying is very
small, varying from 1 to 10 per cent., the average proportion
being 8-5 per cent, except in the garment making schools in which the
proportion of women students is over 97 per cent. In agricultural schools
the proportion of women is comparatively low, being but 18 per cent.
On the other hand in the schools of what are known as the more educated
professions, the proportion of women is much higher. Thus the proportion
of women students in the teachers' training schools is 55-9 per cent., and
in the medical schools 87'7 per cent. Among the students admitted for
the session 1924-25 the proportion of women in the various schools is greater,
as the following table of admission in 80 per cent, of the technical schools in
seven-tenths of the provinces of the R.S.F.S.R. indicates :—
The number of women attending the higher educational institutes,
universities, &c, is also fairly considerable. Thus in the R.S.F.S.R. at
the beginning of the 1924-25 academic year out of 120,900 students, 41,750