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Soviet Russia: an investigation by British women trade unionists, April to July, 1925
Image 52
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Soviet Russia: an investigation by British women trade unionists, April to July, 1925 - Image 52. 1925. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. December 2, 2020. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/5543/show/5483.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

(1925). Soviet Russia: an investigation by British women trade unionists, April to July, 1925 - Image 52. Socialist and Communist Pamphlets. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/5543/show/5483

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Soviet Russia: an investigation by British women trade unionists, April to July, 1925 - Image 52, 1925, Socialist and Communist Pamphlets, Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries, accessed December 2, 2020, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/5543/show/5483.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title Soviet Russia: an investigation by British women trade unionists, April to July, 1925
Contributor (Local)
  • British Women Trade Unionist Delegation
Publisher W. P. Coates
Place of Creation (TGN)
  • London, England
Date 1925
Subject.Topical (LCSH)
  • Labor unions
  • Women
  • Economics
Subject.Topical (Local)
  • Social conditions
  • Employment
Subject.Geographic (TGN)
  • Soviet Union
Genre (AAT)
  • pamphlets
Language English
Type (DCMI)
  • Text
  • Image
Original Item Extent xxi, 88 pages, 1 leaf including frontispiece, illustrations, portraits, facsimiles folded plates; 26 cm
Original Item Location DK265.B67385
Original Item URL http://library.uh.edu/record=b8302907~S11
Original Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection URL http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp
Repository Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries
Repository URL http://libraries.uh.edu/branches/special-collections
Use and Reproduction In Copyright: This item is protected by copyright. Copyright to this resource is held by the creator or current rights holder, and the resource is provided here for educational purposes. It may not be reproduced or distributed in any format without permission of the copyright owner. Users assume full responsibility for any infringement of copyright or related rights.
File Name index.cpd
Item Description
Title Image 52
Format (IMT)
  • image/jpeg
File Name uhlib_4447404_051.jpg
Transcript when they attempted, after the Revolution, to adopt the same measures for insuring the peasants as had been adopted in the case of the town workers. Medical treatment, which is administered by the Commissariat (Ministry) for Health, is free to working peasants on the same terms as to workers in urban districts, although the number of hospitals, clinics, ambulances, and so on, in rural areas is, owing to the lack of means, smaller compared to the needs, than in the towns. Hired agricultural workers come under the general social insurance scheme in exactly the same way as other workers. In the case, however, of day and seasonal workers who are hired for occasional work, and are therefore not insured, the employer has to pay compensation for accidents occurring in connection with work on his farm in accordance with the findings of a court of law. But the vast masses of the peasantry work on their own account, and, in order to insure the poorer section of this peasantry, village Soviets and district Executive Committees were instructed by a decree issued on May 14, 1921, to organise in every village and rural district peasant " Mutual Aid Committees." After an active propaganda campaign, the idea took on, and already by January, 1923, about 84,000 such Committees had been formed. Since then the number has grown enormously, but we have no definite figures at our disposal. The Mutual Aid Committees are elected by the peasantry of the village or district and are attached to the local Soviet. Their work is based on the self- help and initiative of the peasant population. The work of the Committees consists of (1) rendering labour assistance to peasants urgently in need of it, (2) accumulating funds for purposes of granting relief in money, in kind, or in other forms, to its needy members. These funds are being accumulated partly by the subscriptions (the amount is fixed by the village meeting) of the members either in money or kind after the gathering of the harvest each year, and partly by the committee working land granted to it for this purpose by the local land administrative department, or by leasing from the State, mills, oil-pressing factories, dairies, allotments, &c. The profits derived build up the funds of the Committee. The Mutual Aid Committees also maintain a number of children's homes, homes for incapacitated peasants, dining rooms, and other institutions. The Committees work in very close contact with the Soviet authorities, who aid and encourage their work in every possible way. The Mutual Aid Committees in their turn help to distribute State aid, such as seeds, fuel, building timber, and so on. They also carry on useful educational work in the villages, helping in the organisation of cottage reading rooms and peasants' institutes. Insurance against fire, storms, drought, destruction of crops by pests, and so on, is carried out in the ordinary way by the Chief Insurance Agency of the Commissariat for Finance and its local departments. The taxation of the peasantry, so far as we could judge, is lighter (it certainly is not heavier) than it was in Tsarist days. Moreover, it is graduated in accordance with the means of the peasant. Peasants with very small holdings (under twenty-seven acres) are exempt. Rebates and exemptions are also granted to peasants in bad harvest areas or who are suffering from other ills through no fault of their own. (36)