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Soviet Russia: an investigation by British women trade unionists, April to July, 1925
Image 43
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Soviet Russia: an investigation by British women trade unionists, April to July, 1925 - Image 43. 1925. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. December 2, 2020. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/5543/show/5474.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

(1925). Soviet Russia: an investigation by British women trade unionists, April to July, 1925 - Image 43. Socialist and Communist Pamphlets. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/5543/show/5474

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Soviet Russia: an investigation by British women trade unionists, April to July, 1925 - Image 43, 1925, Socialist and Communist Pamphlets, Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries, accessed December 2, 2020, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/5543/show/5474.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title Soviet Russia: an investigation by British women trade unionists, April to July, 1925
Contributor (Local)
  • British Women Trade Unionist Delegation
Publisher W. P. Coates
Place of Creation (TGN)
  • London, England
Date 1925
Subject.Topical (LCSH)
  • Labor unions
  • Women
  • Economics
Subject.Topical (Local)
  • Social conditions
  • Employment
Subject.Geographic (TGN)
  • Soviet Union
Genre (AAT)
  • pamphlets
Language English
Type (DCMI)
  • Text
  • Image
Original Item Extent xxi, 88 pages, 1 leaf including frontispiece, illustrations, portraits, facsimiles folded plates; 26 cm
Original Item Location DK265.B67385
Original Item URL http://library.uh.edu/record=b8302907~S11
Original Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection URL http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp
Repository Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries
Repository URL http://libraries.uh.edu/branches/special-collections
Use and Reproduction In Copyright: This item is protected by copyright. Copyright to this resource is held by the creator or current rights holder, and the resource is provided here for educational purposes. It may not be reproduced or distributed in any format without permission of the copyright owner. Users assume full responsibility for any infringement of copyright or related rights.
File Name index.cpd
Item Description
Title Image 43
Format (IMT)
  • image/jpeg
File Name uhlib_4447404_042.jpg
Transcript 44-13 roubles per month, the women's average wage was then only 29-88 roubles per month, and this proportion between men's and women's wages Istill holds good to a considerable extent. The concentration of industry during the last few years whilst assisting [enormously the growing prosperity of the Soviet national economy, necessarily threw numbers of workers, particularly the less skilled women, out of employment. To fight this tendency, the Russian trade unions have j decided, on the one hand, to relax temporarily the rules against the employ- Iment of women on certain classes of night work and in certain injurious 1 trades; and, on the other hand, an effort is being made to raise the skill of working women by their admission into factory-workshop schools as well as by raising the general level of their education, the stamping out of illiteracy, and so on. This subject is dealt with more fully in the chapter on Education. As a general rule, women are prohibited from being employed on night work, and in heavy and injurious trades. This applies in all cases to girls under eighteen, and also to nursing and expectant mothers. But in view of the endeavour to place woman on an equal economic footing with man and to give her equal opportunities, this rule is modified in certain cases. Thus in certain classes of transport work where employment must be continuous and where adherence to the rule against night work for women would lead to the dismissal of women and their substitution by men, or to their employment on less well paid jobs, an exception is made, and with the permission of the Commissariat (Ministry) for Labour and the medical adviser in each individual case, women are permitted to be employed on night duty. They are also permitted temporarily to do night work in the postal and telegraph service in view of the absence of sufficient qualified men in these services. Women are prohibited from employment involving the carrying of heavy loads, but in the cases described above they are occasionally permitted to do so providing no hand load exceeds 36 pounds ; they may not push loads on rails of over half a ton or of over 160 pounds on ordinary roads and so on. Women are prohibited from employment in the heavy branches of the timber trade, peat production, &c. As regards the injurious trades, such as certain branches of the tobacco trade and those in which poisonous substances are used, the employment of women is, for the most part, prohibited ; where it is pennitted women are given a certain definite allowance (at the expense of the enterprise) of milk, butter, or other fats to counteract the effects of the injurious materials, Amongst the trades prohibited to women are certain sections of the printing trade where the worker comes into contact with lead, dust, or poisonous gases; many branches of the chemical trade, and so on. Women are also prohibited from working in those trades in which work is carried out at a high temperature. The maximum hours of wrork in unhealthy occupations is seven hours, but in many of them it is only six hours. In addition, overalls and caps are supplied free of charge to all such workers. These rules apply to men as well as to women. At the present time women at work on treadle machines and other occupations in which work during the menstruation periods is unhealthy have two days off with pay, during this period. In general, not less than (27)