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Soviet Russia: an investigation by British women trade unionists, April to July, 1925
Image 42
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Soviet Russia: an investigation by British women trade unionists, April to July, 1925 - Image 42. 1925. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. December 2, 2020. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/5543/show/5473.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

(1925). Soviet Russia: an investigation by British women trade unionists, April to July, 1925 - Image 42. Socialist and Communist Pamphlets. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/5543/show/5473

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Soviet Russia: an investigation by British women trade unionists, April to July, 1925 - Image 42, 1925, Socialist and Communist Pamphlets, Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries, accessed December 2, 2020, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/5543/show/5473.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Compound Item Description
Title Soviet Russia: an investigation by British women trade unionists, April to July, 1925
Contributor (Local)
  • British Women Trade Unionist Delegation
Publisher W. P. Coates
Place of Creation (TGN)
  • London, England
Date 1925
Subject.Topical (LCSH)
  • Labor unions
  • Women
  • Economics
Subject.Topical (Local)
  • Social conditions
  • Employment
Subject.Geographic (TGN)
  • Soviet Union
Genre (AAT)
  • pamphlets
Language English
Type (DCMI)
  • Text
  • Image
Original Item Extent xxi, 88 pages, 1 leaf including frontispiece, illustrations, portraits, facsimiles folded plates; 26 cm
Original Item Location DK265.B67385
Original Item URL http://library.uh.edu/record=b8302907~S11
Original Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection URL http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp
Repository Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries
Repository URL http://libraries.uh.edu/branches/special-collections
Use and Reproduction In Copyright: This item is protected by copyright. Copyright to this resource is held by the creator or current rights holder, and the resource is provided here for educational purposes. It may not be reproduced or distributed in any format without permission of the copyright owner. Users assume full responsibility for any infringement of copyright or related rights.
File Name index.cpd
Item Description
Title Image 42
Format (IMT)
  • image/jpeg
File Name uhlib_4447404_041.jpg
Transcript the smaller factories and concentrating production in the larger ones. Moreover, a drastic cutting down of the staff took place in order to cheapen the cost of production of manufactured goods, thus bringing the prices of industrial goods more into line with those of agricultural produce. Naturally, when a reduction of staff took place it was, as a rule, the least skilled workers who were dismissed. This necessarily resulted in a reduction of the number of women employed. Women were also the more readily dismissed in that the necessary protection of their labour, such as leave for pregnancy and childbirth, the prohibition of the employment of women on night work, or on heavy and unhealthy labour, occasionally made women's labour more costly than men's. Moreover, the women being less organised, could the less protect themselves against unfair discrimination against them by managers with the old ideas of woman's place being the home. The following table shows the movement of women employed in factory industry since January 1, 1923. Where possible we also give the 1917 and 1922 figures, but unfortunately the number of industries for which we have data for these two latter dates is not very great :— Proportion of Women Employed in Industry Per cent, of total workers employed Industry Jan. 1, July 1, Jan. 1, Jan. 1, Juiyi, 1917 1922 1923 1924 1924 Cotton 70-4) 51 0 I 60-0 59 0 58-3 Wool 59-8 49-3 47-6 47-0 Silk 09-4 j 68-5 08-5 72-6 Flax — — 00-8 59-3 59-2 Hemp and other textiles . — — 56-2 57-7 551 Metal 18-0 170 121 8-5 , 9-5 Wood 190 21 0 170 14-9 141 Food 86-6 26-7 —. — — Chemical 40 0 31-4 170 101 9-2 Pottery — — 38-9 81-6 29-1 Glass — — 24-7 250 250 Cement — — 17-6 11-2 9-8 Coal — — 13-7 10-2 11-3 Rubber — — 40-9 46-2 44-9 Matches — - — 491 50-8 48-2 Brewing — — 18-4 231 27-9 Tobacco — — 65-2 68-9 661 Leather and fur — — 15-4 11-2 11-8 Boot and shoe — 20-7 2(H> 240 Paper — — 31 0 27-7 27-3 Printing — — 24-8 23- 4 22-7 Milling — — 5-6 4-3 4-5 Sugar refining — — 18-5 16-8 6-6 Engineering — ~ 13-8 11-3 10 0 All industries . 47-5 (1918) 34-8 29-5 27-5 27-4 It will thus be seen that with the exception of a very few trades the number of women employed in industry has decreased, although this tendency is less marked during 1924. It is also a notable fact that most of the women who are employed are working at the less skilled or subsidiary branches of labour ; consequently their average earnings are less, although the principle of equal pay for equal work is observed everywhere. Thus, whereas the average money wage of the male worker in March, 1924, was (26) \