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Soviet Russia: an investigation by British women trade unionists, April to July, 1925
Image 37
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Soviet Russia: an investigation by British women trade unionists, April to July, 1925 - Image 37. 1925. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. November 27, 2020. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/5543/show/5468.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

(1925). Soviet Russia: an investigation by British women trade unionists, April to July, 1925 - Image 37. Socialist and Communist Pamphlets. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/5543/show/5468

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Soviet Russia: an investigation by British women trade unionists, April to July, 1925 - Image 37, 1925, Socialist and Communist Pamphlets, Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries, accessed November 27, 2020, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/5543/show/5468.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title Soviet Russia: an investigation by British women trade unionists, April to July, 1925
Contributor (Local)
  • British Women Trade Unionist Delegation
Publisher W. P. Coates
Place of Creation (TGN)
  • London, England
Date 1925
Subject.Topical (LCSH)
  • Labor unions
  • Women
  • Economics
Subject.Topical (Local)
  • Social conditions
  • Employment
Subject.Geographic (TGN)
  • Soviet Union
Genre (AAT)
  • pamphlets
Language English
Type (DCMI)
  • Text
  • Image
Original Item Extent xxi, 88 pages, 1 leaf including frontispiece, illustrations, portraits, facsimiles folded plates; 26 cm
Original Item Location DK265.B67385
Original Item URL http://library.uh.edu/record=b8302907~S11
Original Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection URL http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp
Repository Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries
Repository URL http://libraries.uh.edu/branches/special-collections
Use and Reproduction In Copyright: This item is protected by copyright. Copyright to this resource is held by the creator or current rights holder, and the resource is provided here for educational purposes. It may not be reproduced or distributed in any format without permission of the copyright owner. Users assume full responsibility for any infringement of copyright or related rights.
File Name index.cpd
Item Description
Title Image 37
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  • image/jpeg
File Name uhlib_4447404_036.jpg
Transcript Chapter VI OTHER INDUSTRIES APART from the textile, garment workers, and printing and paper making industries, we visited many tobacco, food, machine construction, electrical, railway, rubber, leather, and boot and shoe factories, in all about fifty works. Everywhere we saw definite signs of improvement, although in many of them the machinery was out of date, and in others such as the confectionery factories, processes were still carried out by hand which in our country had long been done by machinery. Where machinery is used in the confectionery works, it is mostly of German manufacture. The men and women working together on the same processes were always in receipt of the same wages. The tobacco trade is considered unhealthy, therefore, both men and women work a seven-hour day and have four weeks' holiday with full pay. In the cigarette factory we visited in Rostov there were 4,000 employees, and in this case 80 per cent, were women. In Leningrad the number employed in the factory we visited was 3,000. The machines used are different from the British, as in Russia machines are needed to join the cardboard mouthpiece to the paper ; when this is done they are taken to a machine for filling purposes. The greater portion of the packing is done by hand. In one of the factories we noticed that a machine cutting up the leaf was made by R. Legg of London. Other machines used were on the Seminoff and Elensor systems. The average wages earned in money were about sixty roubles per month (£6 7s.). In all the tobacco factories a free allowance of cigarettes is made daily. The tobacco workers, like the confectionery and other food workers, are members of one union—the Food Workers' Union. Our conversations with the workers in these enterprises were much of the same character as those reproduced elsewhere in this report, and need not, therefore, be repeated here. The great complaints against the pre- revolutionary regime seemed to be the long hours of labour and the lack of political freedom. The women also often complained of their very low wages in Tsarist times. Thus, two old women workers, one who worked in a Kharkoff factory thirty-three years, and was now fifty-one years old, another who was working at a Rostov factory for forty-five years and was now fifty-six years old, told us in each case that before the revolution their normal day was ten and a-half hours stretching to seventeen hours with the same pay ; now they had a seven-hour day and three times the wages. Wages are, on the whole, somewhat below pre-war, but when considering the wages of the Russian workers, it should, however, be remembered that the wages of both men and women workers in Russia are supplemented by a variety of benefits not enjoyed by the workers of scarcely any other country, namely, low rents graduated according to wages, so that a man with a very low wage pays a purely nominal rent. Summer holidays with pay, from two weeks to six weeks, depending on (21)