AN APPEAL TO RUSSIANS.
from private ownership, is one of the chief points in their
programme. On your side, above all, will be the whole hundred-
million agricultural peasantry, which alone represents the real
Russian people. Only do what you, occupying the place of
Government, are bound to do, and, while there is yet time, make it
your business to establish the real welfare of the people ; and in
place of the feeling of fear and anger which you now encounter,
you will experience the joy of close union with the hundred-million
Russian people ; you will know the love and gratitude of this
kindly folk, who will not remember your sins, but will love you for
the good you do them, as they now love him, or those, who freed
them from slavery.
Remember that you are not tsars, ministers, senators, and
governors, but men ; and having done this, in place of grief,
despair and terror, you will find the joy of forgiveness and of love.
But that this may happen, you must not undertake this work
superficially, as a means of safety, but sincerely, seriouslyr, and with
your soul's whole strength. Then you will see what eager,
reasonable, and harmonious activity will be displayed in the best
spheres of society, bringing the best men of all classes to the front,
and depriving of all importance those who now disturb Russia.
Do this, and all those terrible, brutal elements of revenge, anger,
avarice, vanity, ambition, and above all of ignorance, will
disappear, which now come to the front, infecting, agitating, and
tormenting Russia—and of which you are guilty.
Yes, only two courses arc now open to you, men of the
Government: a fratricidal slaughter, and all the horrors of a
revolution leading to your inevitable and disgraceful destruction ;
or the peaceful fulfilment of the ancient and just demands of the
whole people, showing other Christian nations both that the
injustice from which men have suffered so long and so cruelly can
be abolished, and how to abolish it.
Whether the form of social organisation under which you hold
power has or has not outlived its day, so long as you still hold
power, use it not to multiply the evil you have already done, and