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What has become of the Russian Revolution
Image 24
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Yvon, M., 1899-1986. What has become of the Russian Revolution - Image 24. 1937. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. November 22, 2019. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/4766/show/4721.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Yvon, M., 1899-1986. (1937). What has become of the Russian Revolution - Image 24. Socialist and Communist Pamphlets. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/4766/show/4721

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Yvon, M., 1899-1986, What has become of the Russian Revolution - Image 24, 1937, Socialist and Communist Pamphlets, Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries, accessed November 22, 2019, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/4766/show/4721.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Compound Item Description
Title What has become of the Russian Revolution
Creator (LCNAF)
  • Yvon, M., 1899-1986
Contributor (Local)
  • Integer
Publisher International Review
Place of Creation (TGN)
  • New York, New York
Date 1937
Subject.Topical (LCSH)
  • Communism
  • Economics
Subject.Topical (Local)
  • Social conditions
Subject.Geographic (TGN)
  • Soviet Union
Genre (AAT)
  • pamphlets
Language English
Type (DCMI)
  • Text
Original Item Extent 63 pages; 22 cm
Original Item Location HN523.Y8613 1937
Original Item URL http://library.uh.edu/record=b8304536~S11
Original Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection URL http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp
Repository Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries
Repository URL http://libraries.uh.edu/branches/special-collections
Use and Reproduction In Copyright: This item is protected by copyright. Copyright to this resource is held by the creator or current rights holder, and the resource is provided here for educational purposes. It may not be reproduced or distributed in any format without permission of the copyright owner. Users assume full responsibility for any infringement of copyright or related rights.
File Name index.cpd
Item Description
Title Image 24
Format (IMT)
  • image/jpeg
File Name uhlib_2209396_023.jpg
Transcript From the general point of view, the suppression of every personal initiative—or, if one wishes to put it that way, the obligation not to manifest personal initiative excepting in a single direction—brings immense losses at all gradations of the social ladder. Man has been disowned as an individual. This has been found to fail even when considered from the angle of production. Ill Wages The evolution of real wages in the Soviet Union can be easily traced by establishing how much bread could be bought by a worker receiving an average wage if he spent all his earnings in the purchase of bread. Here are the figures for the city of Moscow: Before 1925-27 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 the war Monthly wages of average worker in roubles 30 100 130 150 170 190 220 Price of a kilo (2.2 pounds) of rye bread in roubles .. 0.05 0.125 0.30 0.50 1 0.85 0.85 Monthly purchasing power of wages in rye bread (kgs.) 600 800 430 300 170 225 260 Pounds 272 363 190 136 77 102 120 Remarks: 1. The price of wheat bread has maintained itself at about double the price of rye bread. The curve obtained above would therefore remain the same if given in terms of wheat bread. But it is rye bread that is mostly- used by the Moscow worker. Rye bread should therefore serve us as a base. 2. The figures for the years of 1925-1927 (the highest point of the Nep) offer a close description of reality. At that time the prices of agricultural produce were very low—in contrast to the high prices of manufactured articles. Today both agricultural produce and manufactured articles are too expensive for the average purse. 3. When related to our norm based on the cost of bread, the living standard of the worker before the war is found to have been actually higher than today—since manufactured articles were cheaper. 4. The years 1935 and 1936 brought a greater differentiation in incomes and consequently a marked amelioration in the living standard of the privileged Soviet folk. But the average real wage—which we have taken as our base—has not increased. There is always something arbitrary about comparisons made between the living standards of different countries, as customs and conditions vary nationally. The reader may, however, find a bench mark in the following parallel. In 1925-1927 the degree of satisfaction of the needs of the Moscow worker was actually comparable to that of the Parisian worker of today (1936). Below is a table of the present Soviet "wage categories" (Moscow, 1937, in roubles). The differences in income correspond exactly to the existing differences in living standards, since, in accordance with the ar- 22