Keyword
in
Collection
Date
to
Fascism, its history and significance
Image 33
Citation
MLA
APA
Chicago/Turabian
W., L.. Fascism, its history and significance - Image 33. 1924. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. January 26, 2021. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/4149/show/4137.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

W., L.. (1924). Fascism, its history and significance - Image 33. Socialist and Communist Pamphlets. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/4149/show/4137

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

W., L., Fascism, its history and significance - Image 33, 1924, Socialist and Communist Pamphlets, Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries, accessed January 26, 2021, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/4149/show/4137.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

URL
Embed Image
Compound Item Description
Title Fascism, its history and significance
Creator (Local)
  • W., L.
Publisher The Plebs
Place of Creation (TGN)
  • London, England
Date 1924
Subject.Topical (LCSH)
  • Fascism
Subject.Name (Local)
  • W., L.
Genre (AAT)
  • pamphlets
Language English
Type (DCMI)
  • Text
Original Item Extent 38 pages; 24 cm
Original Item Location JC481.F3 1924
Original Item URL http://library.uh.edu/record=b8304502~S5
Original Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection URL http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp
Repository Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries
Repository URL http://libraries.uh.edu/branches/special-collections
Use and Reproduction In Copyright: This item is protected by copyright. Copyright to this resource is held by the creator or current rights holder, and the resource is provided here for educational purposes. It may not be reproduced or distributed in any format without permission of the copyright owner. Users assume full responsibility for any infringement of copyright or related rights.
File Name index.cpd
Item Description
Title Image 33
Format (IMT)
  • image/jpeg
File Name uhlib_25194896_032.jpg
Transcript 1 FASCISM V.—FASCISM OUTSIDE ITALY 3i THE essential features of Fascism as it developed in Italy have been seen in preceding chapters. The Italian movement arose as a bourgeois reaction to the revolutionary tendencies of 1920. It is a movement of lower middle class and declassed elements organised on a physical force basis to further the interests of heavy industrial capitalists ; it has succeeded by the combined methods of terror and of propaganda in dominating the political sense of the workers. It would be pedantic to deny the name of Fascist to movements in other countries simply because they do not conform in all details to the Italian model. Whatever purists may desire, it is certain that common usage will fix the meaning of the title sufficiently wide to cover any organisation fighting extra-constitutionally for the bourgeoisie against the workers. The situation in most countries other than Italy is that, while numerous bodies exist which are potentially Fascist in character only a few have openly taken the field against the workers. The only countries other than Italy where there is a definite Fascist movement are Germany, Austria, Poland and Hungary. In other lands, there exist movements which might, in given conditions, form the basis for such an organisation," but it cannot be said that the so-called Fascism in Spain, France or England is really worthy of the name. There are a number of organisations of a Fascist character in Germany. The membership is formed of ex-officers, students, de-classed elements, and other "miscellaneous sections of the lower middle classes. The most powerful section is that formerly under the control of Hitler* in Bavaria, known as the National Socialist Party and financed by heavy industrialists ; others are The Union of Patriotic Societies, in North Germany, the German Order, which consists of public officials, and the National Union of German Officers. A National Fascist Congress was held in the early part of 1923, and Hitler defined the principal objective of the movement as " the destruction and the expulsion of communists and of the criminals responsible for the events of November [1918]." The methods used by the Germans are taken from the Italian models, and consist of acts of violence directed against working-class organisations and propaganda among trade unionists. This propaganda is of a nationalist, anti-semitic and even slightly anti-capitalist nature,! the last element being put in to attract the workers who suffer most ♦Hitler has temporarily retired from active political life. \Cf. the early radical programme of the Italian Fascists.