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Fascism, its history and significance
Image 28
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W., L.. Fascism, its history and significance - Image 28. 1924. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. January 25, 2021. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/4149/show/4132.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

W., L.. (1924). Fascism, its history and significance - Image 28. Socialist and Communist Pamphlets. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/4149/show/4132

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

W., L., Fascism, its history and significance - Image 28, 1924, Socialist and Communist Pamphlets, Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries, accessed January 25, 2021, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/4149/show/4132.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Compound Item Description
Title Fascism, its history and significance
Creator (Local)
  • W., L.
Publisher The Plebs
Place of Creation (TGN)
  • London, England
Date 1924
Subject.Topical (LCSH)
  • Fascism
Subject.Name (Local)
  • W., L.
Genre (AAT)
  • pamphlets
Language English
Type (DCMI)
  • Text
Original Item Extent 38 pages; 24 cm
Original Item Location JC481.F3 1924
Original Item URL http://library.uh.edu/record=b8304502~S5
Original Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection URL http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp
Repository Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries
Repository URL http://libraries.uh.edu/branches/special-collections
Use and Reproduction In Copyright: This item is protected by copyright. Copyright to this resource is held by the creator or current rights holder, and the resource is provided here for educational purposes. It may not be reproduced or distributed in any format without permission of the copyright owner. Users assume full responsibility for any infringement of copyright or related rights.
File Name index.cpd
Item Description
Title Image 28
Format (IMT)
  • image/jpeg
File Name uhlib_25194896_027.jpg
Transcript 26 FASCISM direct taxes. A new land valuation was carried out with a view to raising revenue from heavier taxes on land, but so far the agrarians have succeeded in preventing this. Giolitti's government had appointed a commission to inquire into war profits. Normally, such a commission would have reported to parliament, but Mussolini directed that it should report to him personally and threatened with six months' imprisonment anyone who should prematurely fmblish any details of the report. When the document was pub- ished with the official imprimatur, it had been discreetly castrated to avoid offence to that section of the bourgeoisie which profited most from war conditions, i.e., the steel magnates. As a final instance of the contrast between the vote catching programme and the reality, we may note the proposal to impose a tax on ecclesiastical property. This proposal was entirely dropped when the Fascists achieved power, and a pro-clerical policy was pursued. Religious teaching was re-established in the schools—a most reactionary policy in a country where the church is so potent a weapon in the hands of the possessing classes. Next to omitting to exhibit a picture of Mussolini in the school, the most serious offence a teacher can commit is to neglect to hang up a crucifix. The anti-militarist talk of the early Fascists soon ceased. The record of the Fascist Government is one of extensive additions to all the fighting arms. The period of obligatory military service has been raised from eight to eighteen months, thus increasing the standing army from 230,000 to 350,000 men. A big forward policy was pursued in laying in extensive stores of arms and ammunition. The navy was increased and many new flying machines built. The whole fighting machine was developed and strengthened at very heavy cost. But more remarkable even than these military preparations was the policy of the government in regard to the Fascist militia. When the Fascists had attained control of the State, their own armed forces, the black shirt squadrons, were still in being, and their disposal became a matter of no small difficulty. The thousands of young men who had been absorbed into the ranks found life there by no means unpleasant. They were paid and maintained on a generous scale. They had become accustomed to their work, which no longer disgusted even the most squeamish of them : the danger of the occupation was slight, since their numbers, their organisation and their weapons were markedly superior to those of their working- class opponents. Many of these young men had never followed any regular employment, or had lost, in the course of their military service, all aptitude for useful work. In these circumstances, to have disbanded the Fascist squadrons would have been to throw on to the labour market