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Fascism, its history and significance
Image 22
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W., L.. Fascism, its history and significance - Image 22. 1924. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. January 25, 2021. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/4149/show/4126.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

W., L.. (1924). Fascism, its history and significance - Image 22. Socialist and Communist Pamphlets. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/4149/show/4126

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

W., L., Fascism, its history and significance - Image 22, 1924, Socialist and Communist Pamphlets, Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries, accessed January 25, 2021, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/4149/show/4126.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Compound Item Description
Title Fascism, its history and significance
Creator (Local)
  • W., L.
Publisher The Plebs
Place of Creation (TGN)
  • London, England
Date 1924
Subject.Topical (LCSH)
  • Fascism
Subject.Name (Local)
  • W., L.
Genre (AAT)
  • pamphlets
Language English
Type (DCMI)
  • Text
Original Item Extent 38 pages; 24 cm
Original Item Location JC481.F3 1924
Original Item URL http://library.uh.edu/record=b8304502~S5
Original Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection URL http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp
Repository Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries
Repository URL http://libraries.uh.edu/branches/special-collections
Use and Reproduction In Copyright: This item is protected by copyright. Copyright to this resource is held by the creator or current rights holder, and the resource is provided here for educational purposes. It may not be reproduced or distributed in any format without permission of the copyright owner. Users assume full responsibility for any infringement of copyright or related rights.
File Name index.cpd
Item Description
Title Image 22
Format (IMT)
  • image/jpeg
File Name uhlib_25194896_021.jpg
Transcript 20 FASCISM from Fascism but the violent subjugation of the landworkers. But Mussolini had other and wider aims. He wanted Fascism established as the permanent controlling force in Italian public life. He had no objection to the use of violence as a temporary means to the attainment of political power, but he by no means desired a state of civil war to characterise Italy perpetually. When he and his capitalist masters were settled in the saddle, he would prefer to use constitutionalism as his governing instrument. Violence, then, a political weapon must be kept within limits and not become as the accepted and permanent method of politics. A further important point of difference between Mussolini and the landowning class was that he did not desire so much a beaten and broken working class as a body of " free " labourers. However complete the process of smashing the workers' organisations, there was always the danger of their being rebuilt and constituting a fresh menace to the domination of the employers. To this problem in 1921 the Fascists turned their attention. t :.■< The means adopted to counter the danger of revivified Trade Unions was the formation of rival organisations, the Fascist Trade Unions or National Corporations. These bodies are essentially collaborationist and opposed to a recognition of the class war. Originally it was proposed to unite in one association employers, technicians and workers. This was soon found to be an unworkable scheme, and modifications were made to provide for parallel groupings of employers and workers respectively, federated for common purposes. Even so, it was impracticable to get the federal bodies to function, and the affiliation of employers rapidly became nominal only. The workers' organisations played a considerable part in the campaign for reducing wages and worsening conditions of labour. As a friendly critic naively puts it : " The difference between Fascist organisers and other Trade Union organisers is that the former say frankly that, for the time being, wages must be reduced owing to present conditions in industry, while the latter are unwilling to recognise the necessity."* The National Corporations have given the Fascist leaders a good deal of trouble, and the workers organised therein have by no means always been prepared to take the advice of their organisers to accept the lowered conditions of life offered to them. Many instances have occurred in which the Fascist Unions themselves have turned on the employers with economic demands of their own ; there have been seizures of farms, ships and factories by the Unions when the proprietors refused all concessions, and, as might be expected, the antagonism between the Unions and the landowners has always *Odon Por. Fascism, p. 243, note.