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Fascism, its history and significance
Image 18
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W., L.. Fascism, its history and significance - Image 18. 1924. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. January 25, 2021. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/4149/show/4122.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

W., L.. (1924). Fascism, its history and significance - Image 18. Socialist and Communist Pamphlets. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/4149/show/4122

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

W., L., Fascism, its history and significance - Image 18, 1924, Socialist and Communist Pamphlets, Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries, accessed January 25, 2021, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/4149/show/4122.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Compound Item Description
Title Fascism, its history and significance
Creator (Local)
  • W., L.
Publisher The Plebs
Place of Creation (TGN)
  • London, England
Date 1924
Subject.Topical (LCSH)
  • Fascism
Subject.Name (Local)
  • W., L.
Genre (AAT)
  • pamphlets
Language English
Type (DCMI)
  • Text
Original Item Extent 38 pages; 24 cm
Original Item Location JC481.F3 1924
Original Item URL http://library.uh.edu/record=b8304502~S5
Original Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection URL http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp
Repository Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries
Repository URL http://libraries.uh.edu/branches/special-collections
Use and Reproduction In Copyright: This item is protected by copyright. Copyright to this resource is held by the creator or current rights holder, and the resource is provided here for educational purposes. It may not be reproduced or distributed in any format without permission of the copyright owner. Users assume full responsibility for any infringement of copyright or related rights.
File Name index.cpd
Item Description
Title Image 18
Format (IMT)
  • image/jpeg
File Name uhlib_25194896_017.jpg
Transcript i6 FASCISM here in detail. As is well known, it took the form of physical violence against all leaders of Trade Unions and left wing political organisations, and against numbers of the rank and file. The victims of these attacks were forced to drink castor-oil, were beaten, and in many instances killed, on account of their working-class sympathies. Trade Union, co-operative, socialist and other working-class buildings were ransacked, smashed and burned. This campaign of terror, thoroughly well organised and subsidised, was defended in a wide- spead propaganda as an essential preliminary to instilling sound political ideas into the masses. The bacillus of Bolshevism must be eradicated before the heavenly grace of nationalism could be instilled into the purified minds of the workers. The campaign had its natural results in intensifying the troubles of the proletarian organisations. Men were terrified out of their Trade Unions and terrified into the Fascist Unions which were established in 1921. These were not Trade Unions in the proper sense of the word, since they organised both workers and employers in their ranks. The adherence of the latter never developed to any degree, but the Unions remained collaborationist in their policy throughout. Membership of a Fascist Union gave the workers a little temporary respite from violence, but it gave few other advantages. The Fascist Unionists suffered equally with their comrades outside from the reduced wages and deteriorated conditions of labour. Perhaps they enjoyed some preference when employment was scarce and dismissals were afoot, but even this slight benefit soon went. When the degradation of the working class had been carried far enough, the bourgeoisie cared no longer for distinctions between one worker and another. While they could exploit those distinctions and set " war heroes " against non-service men, Fascist workers against others, and so on, they would do so, but when they no longer needed such means to beat down their employees, they saw each worker as factory-fodder and as no more. The bourgeois victory was complete and Mussolini could receive his well-earned knighthood. III.—THE RISE OF FASCISM THE essential character of Fascism has been much misunderstood, owing partly to the confused political conditions in which it arose in Italy, and partly to the confused minds of certain observers. The critic, for instance, who talked of "red shirts beneath the black," must have been incapable of understanding so well known an idea as socialism, much less a complicated political phenomenon like Fascism. Fascism