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Fascism, its history and significance
Image 14
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W., L.. Fascism, its history and significance - Image 14. 1924. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. January 25, 2021. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/4149/show/4118.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

W., L.. (1924). Fascism, its history and significance - Image 14. Socialist and Communist Pamphlets. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/4149/show/4118

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

W., L., Fascism, its history and significance - Image 14, 1924, Socialist and Communist Pamphlets, Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries, accessed January 25, 2021, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/4149/show/4118.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Compound Item Description
Title Fascism, its history and significance
Creator (Local)
  • W., L.
Publisher The Plebs
Place of Creation (TGN)
  • London, England
Date 1924
Subject.Topical (LCSH)
  • Fascism
Subject.Name (Local)
  • W., L.
Genre (AAT)
  • pamphlets
Language English
Type (DCMI)
  • Text
Original Item Extent 38 pages; 24 cm
Original Item Location JC481.F3 1924
Original Item URL http://library.uh.edu/record=b8304502~S5
Original Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection URL http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp
Repository Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries
Repository URL http://libraries.uh.edu/branches/special-collections
Use and Reproduction In Copyright: This item is protected by copyright. Copyright to this resource is held by the creator or current rights holder, and the resource is provided here for educational purposes. It may not be reproduced or distributed in any format without permission of the copyright owner. Users assume full responsibility for any infringement of copyright or related rights.
File Name index.cpd
Item Description
Title Image 14
Format (IMT)
  • image/jpeg
File Name uhlib_25194896_013.jpg
Transcript 12 FASCISM Nitti made some efforts to reorganise the police and generally to stem the tide of social disorganisation, but he found it impossible to go far on account of the impoverished state of the exchequer and of the bourgeoisie whom he represented. The elections of November, 1919, weakened Nitti's position, but threw up no party or combination sufficiently powerful to replace him. There followed the Fiume adventure and an intensification of the social discord throughout Italy. Nitti's internal policy had grown, from the bourgeois point of view, weaker and weaker, and he was defeated on this issue in May, 1920. Again no alternative cabinet could be found, and Nitti took office for the third time. He finally fell owing to a concession made to the Socialists in regard to the statutory price of bread. The bourgeoisie were pressing for an increase, and when Nitti wavered he was defeated. Once more Giolitti took charge of Italian affairs, and it was his lot to deal (or fail to deal) with the occupation of the factories in September, 1920. In the attitude of laisser-f'aire which he adopted he was actuated by two sets of considerations. It was not entirely the fact that he could not act, but to some extent at least that he would not. Giolitti at that time was still mainly agrarian in his outlook : his sympathy for the industrialists was not great, and if they got into trouble with their workers, he was not prepared to go out of his way to help them. When the capitalists had won, however, Giolitti was willing to give official sanction to the proceedings and to reap some of the glory of the " settlement." But other difficulties arose—the problem of the price of bread and the ever-growing deficit on the budget. From mere inability to know what to do, Giolitti dissolved the Chamber in April, 1921. New elections were held, resulting in Liberal and Catholic gains and Socialist losses. In the new Chamber there were forty Fascists. Giolitti resigned in June, and Bonomi took his place. Bonomi was a patriotic Socialist who was as incapable as his predecessors of restoring social order and re-establishing the economic machinery. He remained in power only till February, 1922, when Facta took his place. The latter held office until July, when he was defeated by a Fascist manoeuvre in the Chamber. He resumed his position, however, and retained it until driven out by the Fascist revolution in October. In spite of the growth of the P.S.I., its effectiveness was constantly hindered by the fact that though its majority was Communist, a reformist right wing led by Turati still adhered. This wing was powerful in Parliament and was able to secure wide publicity for its sectional views. The Second Congress of the Third International was held in August, 1920, and laid down the famous Twenty- one Conditions of Affiliation. Included in these was a demand for