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Fascism, its history and significance
Image 9
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W., L.. Fascism, its history and significance - Image 9. 1924. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. January 26, 2021. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/4149/show/4113.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

W., L.. (1924). Fascism, its history and significance - Image 9. Socialist and Communist Pamphlets. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/4149/show/4113

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

W., L., Fascism, its history and significance - Image 9, 1924, Socialist and Communist Pamphlets, Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries, accessed January 26, 2021, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/4149/show/4113.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Compound Item Description
Title Fascism, its history and significance
Creator (Local)
  • W., L.
Publisher The Plebs
Place of Creation (TGN)
  • London, England
Date 1924
Subject.Topical (LCSH)
  • Fascism
Subject.Name (Local)
  • W., L.
Genre (AAT)
  • pamphlets
Language English
Type (DCMI)
  • Text
Original Item Extent 38 pages; 24 cm
Original Item Location JC481.F3 1924
Original Item URL http://library.uh.edu/record=b8304502~S5
Original Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection URL http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp
Repository Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries
Repository URL http://libraries.uh.edu/branches/special-collections
Use and Reproduction In Copyright: This item is protected by copyright. Copyright to this resource is held by the creator or current rights holder, and the resource is provided here for educational purposes. It may not be reproduced or distributed in any format without permission of the copyright owner. Users assume full responsibility for any infringement of copyright or related rights.
File Name index.cpd
Item Description
Title Image 9
Format (IMT)
  • image/jpeg
File Name uhlib_25194896_008.jpg
Transcript FASCISM 7 brutal attacks made by Fascists on their political opponents (mostly Socialists) were made by {inter alios) the Rome correspondent of the Daily Herald and by Professor Guglielmo Salvadori in the New Statesman. The former was deported from Italy and the latter beaten by armed Fascist hooligans in Florence, while the police looked on. Even The Times correspondent, who is no enemy to the Fascists, comments from time to time on the lawless violence still current in Italy, and eye witnesses continue to bring sad reports of the beatings and burnings which proceed. A terrible revenge has been taken by the Fascists on the workers who dared to vote heavily against them in the elections. In the province of Milan alone, 57 workers' buildings were burnt or sacked within two days. The Times, a paper by no means hostile to the forcible maintenance of capitalist order, was forced by the weight of the facts to write in its leading article on 5th May, 1924 :— " Numbers of disgraceful outrages were perpetrated by local Fascisti during the electoral period. Only a small part are reported, but the protest of the Vatican shows that many Roman Catholic associations of a charitable kind had their buildings wrecked under the eyes of the police. From Milan, where the Opposition parties are strong, there came reports of similar crimes in the city and for many miles around. The repeated destruction of copies of the great Milanese Liberal newspaper, the Corriere della Sera, notwithstanding the extreme mildness of its comments upon domestic politics, is a startling exposure of the pretence that opinion and the Press are free. They are nothing of the kind. Attempts, however moderate, to assert them are avenged by the local Fascisti, and hitherto—or, at least, until the other day—no real effort was made to repress or punish the offenders, or to protect their victims. It is stated with much probability that the real organisers of these crimes are well known to the authorities. The impunity they enjoy is a worse stain upon the Government and a iarmore ominous symptom of the situation than the impunity of the tools who do their bidding." It is as a force directed against the interests and ideals of the workers that Fascism is receiving a special study here. But it is not sufficient to define Fascism merely as an anti-labour force, like the White Guards of Hungary or the army of Wrangel. Fascism has special characteristics which give it an international importance, even greater than that derived from its success in Italy. Fascism operates primarily in the interests of industrial capitalists. Often it opposes the land-owning elements in society, but allies itself with them in their common antagonism to the workers. Further, Fascism in Italy was built up not to ward off a working-class revolution, but as a result of the failure of the workers to seize and consolidate a revolution which was already half won. " Fascism," says Clara Zetkin, "... is not the revenge of the bourgeoisie in retaliation for proletarian aggression, but it is a punishment of the proletariat for failing to carry on the revolution begun in Russia." The success of Fascism in Italy is due to two causes : the con-