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Problems of the development of the U.S.S.R.
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Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940. Problems of the development of the U.S.S.R. - Image 43. 1931. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. November 23, 2020. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/3784/show/3774.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940. (1931). Problems of the development of the U.S.S.R. - Image 43. Socialist and Communist Pamphlets. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/3784/show/3774

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940, Problems of the development of the U.S.S.R. - Image 43, 1931, Socialist and Communist Pamphlets, Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries, accessed November 23, 2020, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/3784/show/3774.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Compound Item Description
Title Problems of the development of the U.S.S.R.
Alternative Title Problems of the development of the U.S.S.R.: draft of the thesis of the International left opposition on the Russian question
Creator (LCNAF)
  • Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940
Contributor (LCNAF)
  • Shachtman, Max, 1903-1972, translator
Contributor (Local)
  • Lewitt, Morris, translator
Publisher Communist league of America (Opposition)
Place of Creation (TGN)
  • New York, New York
Date 1931
Subject.Topical (LCSH)
  • Economic policy
  • Labor policy
Subject.Topical (Local)
  • Politics and government
  • Five-year plan (1928-1932)
Subject.Geographic (TGN)
  • Soviet Union
Genre (AAT)
  • pamphlets
Language English
Type (DCMI)
  • Text
Original Item Extent 47 pages; 20 cm
Original Item Location DK266.T74 1931
Original Item URL http://library.uh.edu/record=b8304559~S5
Original Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection URL http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp
Repository Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries
Repository URL http://libraries.uh.edu/branches/special-collections
Use and Reproduction In Copyright: This item is protected by copyright. Copyright to this resource is held by the creator or current rights holder, and the resource is provided here for educational purposes. It may not be reproduced or distributed in any format without permission of the copyright owner. Users assume full responsibility for any infringement of copyright or related rights.
File Name index.cpd
Item Description
Title Image 43
Format (IMT)
  • image/jpeg
File Name uhlib_504653_042.jpg
Transcript in all the other non-party mass organizations." Since the publication of the Platform, this process has made more ravaging advances. The trade unions have finally been degraded to auxiliary organs of the ruling bureaucracy. A system of administrative pressure has been built up, under the name of shock troops, as if it were a question of a short mountain pass and not of a great historical epoch. In spite of this, the termination of the Five Year Plan will find Soviet economy before a new, still steeper ascent. With the aid of the formula "catching up with and outstripping", the bureaucracy misleads itself in part, but mainly the workers, with regard to the stage attained, and prepares a sharp crisis of disappointment. The economic plans must be checked up from the point of view of the actual systematic improvement of the material and cultural conditions of the working class in town and country. The trade unions must be brought back to their basic task: of the collective educator, and not of the knout. The proletariat in the U. S. S. R. as well as in the rest of the world must stop being lulled by exaggerations of what has been attained and the minimizing of the tasks and the difficulties. The problem of raising the political independence of the proletariat, and its initiative in all fields, must be put in the foreground of the whole policy. The genuine attainment of this aim is inconceivable without a struggle against the excessive privileges of individual groups and strata, against the extreme inequality of living conditions, and above all— against the enormous prerogatives and favored position of the uncontrolled bureaucracy. 41