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Problems of the development of the U.S.S.R.
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Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940. Problems of the development of the U.S.S.R. - Image 26. 1931. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. November 23, 2020. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/3784/show/3757.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940. (1931). Problems of the development of the U.S.S.R. - Image 26. Socialist and Communist Pamphlets. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/3784/show/3757

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940, Problems of the development of the U.S.S.R. - Image 26, 1931, Socialist and Communist Pamphlets, Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries, accessed November 23, 2020, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/3784/show/3757.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Compound Item Description
Title Problems of the development of the U.S.S.R.
Alternative Title Problems of the development of the U.S.S.R.: draft of the thesis of the International left opposition on the Russian question
Creator (LCNAF)
  • Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940
Contributor (LCNAF)
  • Shachtman, Max, 1903-1972, translator
Contributor (Local)
  • Lewitt, Morris, translator
Publisher Communist league of America (Opposition)
Place of Creation (TGN)
  • New York, New York
Date 1931
Subject.Topical (LCSH)
  • Economic policy
  • Labor policy
Subject.Topical (Local)
  • Politics and government
  • Five-year plan (1928-1932)
Subject.Geographic (TGN)
  • Soviet Union
Genre (AAT)
  • pamphlets
Language English
Type (DCMI)
  • Text
Original Item Extent 47 pages; 20 cm
Original Item Location DK266.T74 1931
Original Item URL http://library.uh.edu/record=b8304559~S5
Original Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection URL http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp
Repository Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries
Repository URL http://libraries.uh.edu/branches/special-collections
Use and Reproduction In Copyright: This item is protected by copyright. Copyright to this resource is held by the creator or current rights holder, and the resource is provided here for educational purposes. It may not be reproduced or distributed in any format without permission of the copyright owner. Users assume full responsibility for any infringement of copyright or related rights.
File Name index.cpd
Item Description
Title Image 26
Format (IMT)
  • image/jpeg
File Name uhlib_504653_025.jpg
Transcript a political superior. The selection for the whole apparatus takes place around the "chief". That is how the plebiscitary apparatus regime has come into being. Bonapartism is one of the forms of the victory of the bourgeoisie over the uprising of the popular masses. To identify the present Soviet regime with the social regime of Bonapartism, as Kautsky does, means consciously to conceal from the workers, in the interests of the bourgeoisie, the difference in class foundations. Notwithstanding this, one can speak with full right of the completed plebiscitary degeneration of the Stalinist apparatus or of the Bonapartist system of administrating the party as one of the pre-conditions of the Bonapartist regime in the country. A new political order does not arise out of nothing. The class which has come to power builds the apparatus of its domination out of the elements that are at hand at the moment of the revolutionary or the counterrevolutionary overthrow. The Soviets led by the Mensheviks and the Social Revolutionists were, in Ker- ensky's day, the last political resource of the bourgeois regime. At the same time, the Soviets, above all in the form of the Bolsheviks, were the crucible of the dictatorship of the proletariat which was in the course of preparation. The present-day Soviet apparatus is a bureaucratic, plebiscitarily distorted form of the dictatorship of the proletariat. At the same time, however, it is a potential instrument of Bonapartism. Between the present function of the apparatus and its possible function, the blood of civil war would still have to flow. Yet, the victorious counter-revolution would find precisely in the plebiscitary apparatus invaluable elements for the establishment of its domination, just as its very victory would be unthinkable without the passage of decisive sec- 24