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Problems of the development of the U.S.S.R.
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Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940. Problems of the development of the U.S.S.R. - Image 22. 1931. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. August 4, 2020. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/3784/show/3753.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940. (1931). Problems of the development of the U.S.S.R. - Image 22. Socialist and Communist Pamphlets. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/3784/show/3753

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940, Problems of the development of the U.S.S.R. - Image 22, 1931, Socialist and Communist Pamphlets, Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries, accessed August 4, 2020, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/3784/show/3753.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Compound Item Description
Title Problems of the development of the U.S.S.R.
Alternative Title Problems of the development of the U.S.S.R.: draft of the thesis of the International left opposition on the Russian question
Creator (LCNAF)
  • Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940
Contributor (LCNAF)
  • Shachtman, Max, 1903-1972, translator
Contributor (Local)
  • Lewitt, Morris, translator
Publisher Communist league of America (Opposition)
Place of Creation (TGN)
  • New York, New York
Date 1931
Subject.Topical (LCSH)
  • Economic policy
  • Labor policy
Subject.Topical (Local)
  • Politics and government
  • Five-year plan (1928-1932)
Subject.Geographic (TGN)
  • Soviet Union
Genre (AAT)
  • pamphlets
Language English
Type (DCMI)
  • Text
Original Item Extent 47 pages; 20 cm
Original Item Location DK266.T74 1931
Original Item URL http://library.uh.edu/record=b8304559~S5
Original Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection URL http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp
Repository Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries
Repository URL http://libraries.uh.edu/branches/special-collections
Use and Reproduction In Copyright: This item is protected by copyright. Copyright to this resource is held by the creator or current rights holder, and the resource is provided here for educational purposes. It may not be reproduced or distributed in any format without permission of the copyright owner. Users assume full responsibility for any infringement of copyright or related rights.
File Name index.cpd
Item Description
Title Image 22
Format (IMT)
  • image/jpeg
File Name uhlib_504653_021.jpg
Transcript disoriented proletariat, and the defeats of the revolution the world over, the Centrist apparatus crushed the Left, revolutionary wing of the party in the course of a few years. The Zig-Zag Course Is the Pqlicy of Bureaucratic Veering Between the Classes The political zig-zags of the apparatus are not accidental. In them is expressed the adaptation of the bureaucracy to conflicting class forces. The course of 1923-1928, if we leave aside occasional waverings, constituted a semi-capitulation of the bureaucracy to the kulak—at home, and to the world bourgeoisie and its reformist agency—abroad. Having felt the increasing hostility of the proletariat and having seen the bottom of the Thermidorian abyss to the very edge of which they had slid, the Stalinists leaped to the Left. The abruptness of the leap corresponded to the force of the panic which was created in their ranks by the consequences of their own pol- ic}r, laid bare by the criticism of the Left Opposition. The course of 1928-1931—if we again leave aside the inevitable waverings and backslidings—represents an attempt of the bureaucracy to adapt itself to the proletariat, but without abandoning the principled basis of its policy, or what is most important, its omnipotence. The zig-zags of Stalinism show that bureaucracy is not a class, not an independent historical factor, but a serving force, an executive organ of the classes. The Left zig-zag is evidence that no matter how far the preceding Right course had gone, it nevertheless developed on the basis of the dictatorship of the proletariat. But at the same time, the bureau- 20