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Problems of the development of the U.S.S.R.
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Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940. Problems of the development of the U.S.S.R. - Image 21. 1931. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. August 4, 2020. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/3784/show/3752.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940. (1931). Problems of the development of the U.S.S.R. - Image 21. Socialist and Communist Pamphlets. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/3784/show/3752

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940, Problems of the development of the U.S.S.R. - Image 21, 1931, Socialist and Communist Pamphlets, Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries, accessed August 4, 2020, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/3784/show/3752.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title Problems of the development of the U.S.S.R.
Alternative Title Problems of the development of the U.S.S.R.: draft of the thesis of the International left opposition on the Russian question
Creator (LCNAF)
  • Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940
Contributor (LCNAF)
  • Shachtman, Max, 1903-1972, translator
Contributor (Local)
  • Lewitt, Morris, translator
Publisher Communist league of America (Opposition)
Place of Creation (TGN)
  • New York, New York
Date 1931
Subject.Topical (LCSH)
  • Economic policy
  • Labor policy
Subject.Topical (Local)
  • Politics and government
  • Five-year plan (1928-1932)
Subject.Geographic (TGN)
  • Soviet Union
Genre (AAT)
  • pamphlets
Language English
Type (DCMI)
  • Text
Original Item Extent 47 pages; 20 cm
Original Item Location DK266.T74 1931
Original Item URL http://library.uh.edu/record=b8304559~S5
Original Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection URL http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp
Repository Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries
Repository URL http://libraries.uh.edu/branches/special-collections
Use and Reproduction In Copyright: This item is protected by copyright. Copyright to this resource is held by the creator or current rights holder, and the resource is provided here for educational purposes. It may not be reproduced or distributed in any format without permission of the copyright owner. Users assume full responsibility for any infringement of copyright or related rights.
File Name index.cpd
Item Description
Title Image 21
Format (IMT)
  • image/jpeg
File Name uhlib_504653_020.jpg
Transcript the party in order to preserve its victory, one must proceed not from an abstract "lack of culture" of the proletariat, but from the change in the mutual relations of the classes and the change in the moods of each class. After the heroic straining of forces in the years of revolution and civil war, a period of great hopes and inevitable illusions, the proletariat could not but go through a lengthy period of weariness,} of a decline of energy and in part of direct disillusionment in the results of the revolution. By force of the laws of the class struggle, the reaction in the proletariat resulted in a tremendous flow of neAV hope and confidence in the petty bourgeois strata of the city and village and in the bourgeois elements of the state bureaucracy who gained considerable strength on the basis of the N. E. P. The crushing of the Bulgarian uprising in 1923, the inglorious defeat of the German proletariat in 1923, the crushing of the Esthonian insurrection in 1924, the treacherous liquidation of the general strike in England in 1926, the crushing of the Chinese revolution in 1927, the stabilization of capitalism connected with all these catastrophes— such are the world surroundings of the struggle of the Centrists against the Bolshevik-Leninists. The abuse of the "permanent", that is, in essence, of the international revolution, the rejection of a bold policy of industrialization and collectivization, the reliance upon the kulak, the alliance with the "national" bourgeoisie in the colonies and with the social imperialists in the metropolis—such are the political contents of the bloc of the Centrist bureaucracy with the forces of Thermidor. Supporting itself on the strengthened and emboldened petty bourgeois and bourgeois bureaucracy, exploiting the passivity of the wear}7 and 19