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Problems of the development of the U.S.S.R.
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Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940. Problems of the development of the U.S.S.R. - Image 16. 1931. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. August 4, 2020. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/3784/show/3747.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940. (1931). Problems of the development of the U.S.S.R. - Image 16. Socialist and Communist Pamphlets. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/3784/show/3747

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940, Problems of the development of the U.S.S.R. - Image 16, 1931, Socialist and Communist Pamphlets, Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries, accessed August 4, 2020, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/3784/show/3747.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Compound Item Description
Title Problems of the development of the U.S.S.R.
Alternative Title Problems of the development of the U.S.S.R.: draft of the thesis of the International left opposition on the Russian question
Creator (LCNAF)
  • Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940
Contributor (LCNAF)
  • Shachtman, Max, 1903-1972, translator
Contributor (Local)
  • Lewitt, Morris, translator
Publisher Communist league of America (Opposition)
Place of Creation (TGN)
  • New York, New York
Date 1931
Subject.Topical (LCSH)
  • Economic policy
  • Labor policy
Subject.Topical (Local)
  • Politics and government
  • Five-year plan (1928-1932)
Subject.Geographic (TGN)
  • Soviet Union
Genre (AAT)
  • pamphlets
Language English
Type (DCMI)
  • Text
Original Item Extent 47 pages; 20 cm
Original Item Location DK266.T74 1931
Original Item URL http://library.uh.edu/record=b8304559~S5
Original Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection URL http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp
Repository Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries
Repository URL http://libraries.uh.edu/branches/special-collections
Use and Reproduction In Copyright: This item is protected by copyright. Copyright to this resource is held by the creator or current rights holder, and the resource is provided here for educational purposes. It may not be reproduced or distributed in any format without permission of the copyright owner. Users assume full responsibility for any infringement of copyright or related rights.
File Name index.cpd
Item Description
Title Image 16
Format (IMT)
  • image/jpeg
File Name uhlib_504653_015.jpg
Transcript into the amorphous human mass; if the party cadres are kept in obedience by the apparatus of state repression—then it means that in spite of the economic succeses, the general balance of the dictatorship shows a deficit. The Replacement of the Party by the Apparatus Only blind people, hirelings, or deceived ones, can deny the fact that the ruling party of the U. S. S. R., the- leading party of the Comintern has been completely crushed and replaced by the apparatus. The gigantic difference between the bureaucratism of 1923 and the bureaucratism of 1931 is determined by the complete liquidation of the dependence of the apparatus upon the party which to place in this span of years, as well as by the plebiscitary degeneration of the apparatus itself. Not a trace remains of party democracy. Local organizations are selected and autocratically reorganized by secretaries. New members of the party7 are recruited according to orders from the center with the methods of political compulsory service. The local secretaries are appointed by the Central Committee, which is officially and openly converted into a consultative organ of the General Secretary [Stalin]. Congresses are arbitrarily postponed, delegates are selected from the top according to their demonstration of solidarity with the irreplaceable leader. Even a shadow of control over the top by the lower ranks is removed. The members of the party are systematically trained in the spirit of passive subordination. Every spark of independence, self-reliance and firmness, that is, those features which make up the nature of a revolutionist, is crushed, hunted down and trampled under foot. 14