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The New phase in the Soviet Union
Image 17
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Molotov, Vyacheslav Mikhaylovich, 1890-1986. The New phase in the Soviet Union - Image 17. 1931. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. November 20, 2019. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/3712/show/3668.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Molotov, Vyacheslav Mikhaylovich, 1890-1986. (1931). The New phase in the Soviet Union - Image 17. Socialist and Communist Pamphlets. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/3712/show/3668

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Molotov, Vyacheslav Mikhaylovich, 1890-1986, The New phase in the Soviet Union - Image 17, 1931, Socialist and Communist Pamphlets, Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries, accessed November 20, 2019, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/3712/show/3668.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Compound Item Description
Title The New phase in the Soviet Union
Creator (LCNAF)
  • Molotov, Vyacheslav Mikhaylovich, 1890-1986
Contributor (LCNAF)
  • Communist International. Executive Committee
Publisher Workers Library Publishers
Place of Creation (TGN)
  • New York, New York
Date 1931
Subject.Topical (LCSH)
  • Communism
  • Economics
Subject.Topical (Local)
  • Politics and government
Subject.Geographic (TGN)
  • Soviet Union
Genre (AAT)
  • pamphlets
Language English
Type (DCMI)
  • Text
Original Item Extent 55, [1] pages; 22 cm
Original Item Location DK267.M6242
Original Item URL http://library.uh.edu/record=b8321015~S5
Original Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection URL http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp
Repository Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries
Repository URL http://libraries.uh.edu/branches/special-collections
Use and Reproduction In Copyright: This item is protected by copyright. Copyright to this resource is held by the creator or current rights holder, and the resource is provided here for educational purposes. It may not be reproduced or distributed in any format without permission of the copyright owner. Users assume full responsibility for any infringement of copyright or related rights.
File Name index.cpd
Item Description
Title Image 17
Format (IMT)
  • image/jpeg
File Name uhlib_14582000_016.jpg
Transcript methods of mass collectivisation, one reorganising the petty peasant farms of the best means of on the foundations of machine production and large-scale collective agriculture. However, in view of the lack of tractors and larger agricultural machines, tens of thousands of the newly-erected collective farms are vitally interested in the organisation of machine and horse depots. By bringing about a definite centralisation of the means of production they provide a number of the advantages of collective farming. In many districts we cannot postpone mass collectivisation until tractors have arrived. In such cases machine and horse depots are a transitional step to the organisation of collective farms on the basis of tractors, combines and other higher-grade agricultural machinery. It is proposed this spring to organise over 7,000 machine and horse depots throughout the U.S.S.R. Particularly important in the development of socialist agriculture is the success of our efforts to build up soviet farms, i.e., large- scale state agricultural undertakings. In the course of 1929, 55 new large soviet farms were created, under the control of the Grain trust, in which 1,950,000 hectares were tilled. This year 125 soviet estates ,covering a tilled area of not less than 4,000,000 hectares, will be in existenre. The whole of the ploughing will be carried out by tractors (10,000), while at least two-thirds of the harvesting will be carried out by 1,550 combines. You will see that these soviet estates are of a giant size, unprecedented throughout the world. Even in America there are no such large-scale agricultural undertakings as our large soviet estates. This year their output will be 830,000 tons, while next year their output will be over 3,000,000 tons of marketable grain. This means that the vast plan for the building of new soviet farms laid down in the five years' programme will by the third year have already been carried out nearly 200 per cent. We do not hide the fact that in 1929, when we were casting up accounts for the year, we discovered considerable defects in the first year's work on the new soviet farms. The average harvest proved to be lower than was anticipated. This is to be explained by the unfavourable climatic conditions of this year and the predominance of virgin soil in the new soviet estates; furthermore, it should be borne in mind that we have to build the new soviet farms, as a rule, in districts which are constantly in peril of drought, and this is bound to have an effect on the harvest. This obliges us to take a number of steps to raise the output in the soviet farms. But individual defects cannot arrest the general movement towards the organisation of large-scale socialist agriculture. The experience of one of the most extensive new Soviet farms,—the "Gigant" (Giant), in the Northern Caucasus—shows what tremendous potentialities there are in undertakings of this 15