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The Programs of the Young Communist International
Image 31
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The Programs of the Young Communist International - Image 31. 1923. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. August 11, 2020. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/3305/show/3275.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

(1923). The Programs of the Young Communist International - Image 31. Socialist and Communist Pamphlets. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/3305/show/3275

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

The Programs of the Young Communist International - Image 31, 1923, Socialist and Communist Pamphlets, Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries, accessed August 11, 2020, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/3305/show/3275.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Compound Item Description
Title The Programs of the Young Communist International
Contributor (LCNAF)
  • Young Communist International. Congress
Publisher Publishing House of the Young International
Place of Creation (TGN)
  • Berlin, Germany
Date 1923
Subject.Topical (LCSH)
  • Congresses and conventions
  • Socialism and youth
Subject.Name (LCNAF)
  • Young Communist International. Congress
Genre (AAT)
  • pamphlets
Language English
Type (DCMI)
  • Text
Original Item Extent 55 pages; 21 cm
Original Item Location HX11.Y68P7 1923
Original Item URL http://library.uh.edu/record=b8319993~S11
Original Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection URL http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp
Repository Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries
Repository URL http://libraries.uh.edu/branches/special-collections
Use and Reproduction Public Domain: This item is in the public domain and may be used freely.
File Name index.cpd
Item Description
Title Image 31
Format (IMT)
  • image/jpeg
File Name uhlib_7949156_030.jpg
Transcript to the young workers under the capitalist regime serve only to make them more profitable objects for future exploitation. They are condemned to lives of wage slavery. The economic situation of the adult worker under capitalism is exceedingly difficult; but that of the working class youth is quite unbearable. From earliest childhood the sons and daughters of working class families become the objects of capitalist exploitation. Child labor under the most dreadful conditions continues to be widespread. The old type of apprentice who was received into the family of his master as a member of that family, and who had every opportunity later to become a master of his trade, has disappeared forever. Apprenticeship nowadays is merely a mask for the merciless exploitation of the youth, and even as such it is rapidly disappearing. The development of industrial technique has enabled the capitalists to place young children and adolescents as unskilled workers in the process of production. There remains only a very small aristocracy of skilled labor, maintained at the expense of the large majority. The capitalists take advantage of the diminished power of resistance of the young workers to exploit them outrageously. The young workers are forced to work long hours (often longer than adult workers), and far beyond the capacity of their undeveloped bodies. No consideration is given to their need for further education. They must be satisfied with absurdly low wages, much below those of adult workers for the same work. Night work, work under unhealthy conditions, dangerous occupations, barbarous treatment by the employers, unemployment without benefits and its results, misery, prostitution, crime,—all these are the fate of the young workers under the capitalist regime. Conditions are especially bad in small industries and in small shops. These seek to meet the competition of the big industries by the merciless exploitation of the apprentices, who are absolutely helpless in the hands of their employers and masters. Girls, being the weakest element of the young workers, are the objects of an especially brutal and degrading exploitation, even worse than that of the young male workers. Capitalism, which has proletarized the cities, also brought the mass-proletarization of the rural population with untold misery to the poor peasants, so that the situation of the young rural worker is even worse than that of his urban brother. 29-