PUBLIC OWNERSHIP IN THE WORLD
Compiled by CARL D. THOMPSON
The facta here given are based chiefly upon the studies made by the
Fabian Research Department of England, published as a special supplement of The New Statesman, of Saturday, May 8, 1916; and upon "The
Collectivist State in the Making," by Emil Davies, published by G. Bell
and Sons, London. A number of points are supplied from other sources.
Total for Whole World
The Fabian Research Department estimates that there are a total of
11,000.000 people employed in the various public enterprises of the world;
that no less than $2,250,000,000 are paid annually in wages in these enterprises, and that there is a total of $50,000,000,000 of capital invested.
This estimate, however, does not include the military or police force, fire
protection, the courts, poor relief, regulation, inspection and audit, or the
matter of taxation. If these were included, and they are certainly cases
of public ownership and operation, the figures would be very much larger.
Figures are not at hand for the entire police and fire departments of the
world. But Including the fire departments of the ten largest cities and
the police departments of fifty-one of the larger American cities, and of
all of Great Britain, of Paris, Vienna and Berlin, and the entire army and
navy equipment of the world on a peace basis only the figures for the whole
would be not less than the following:
Total number of public employee* of all kinds—18,858,600:
annual wages paid—$2,265,000,000; total capital invested—
The postal systems of the world operate 282,782 offices; employ
1,300,000 persons and pay annually in wages $325,000,000.
On the building and maintenance of roads, bridges and highways
there are employed no less than 1,000,000 people; and the annual expenditure is at least $1,000,000,000.
Canals and Waterways
Annual expenditures are not less than $1,500,000,000.
Considerably more than one-half of the entire railway mileage of the
world is now publicly owned. These public railways employ not less
than 1,000,000 persons and pay $250,000,000 in wages annually.
Employ over 100,000 and have $5,000,000,000 capital invested.
Public Health including hospitals, sanitary systems, drainage, street
cleaning, sewerage and the like employ 1,500,000 people and pay $340,000,-
000 in wages annually.