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Great Britain after the war
Image 64
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Webb, Sidney, 1859-1947. Great Britain after the war - Image 64. 1916. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. October 20, 2020. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/2338/show/2317.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Webb, Sidney, 1859-1947. (1916). Great Britain after the war - Image 64. Socialist and Communist Pamphlets. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/2338/show/2317

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Webb, Sidney, 1859-1947, Great Britain after the war - Image 64, 1916, Socialist and Communist Pamphlets, Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries, accessed October 20, 2020, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/2338/show/2317.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title Great Britain after the war
Alternative Title Great Britain after the war, by Sidney Webb and Arnold Freeman; being facts and figures, quotations and queries, suggestions and forecasts, designed to help individual inquirers and study circles in considering what will happen after war with regard to trade, employment, wages, prices, trade unionism, co-operation, women's labour, foreign commerce, the railways, the coal supply, education, taxation, etc. Dedicated to the Workers' educational association
Creator (LCNAF)
  • Webb, Sidney, 1859-1947
Publisher G. Allen and Unwin
Place of Creation (TGN)
  • London
Date 1916
Subject.Topical (LCSH)
  • World War, 1914-1918
  • Economic policy
  • Economics
Subject.Geographic (TGN)
  • United Kingdom
Genre (AAT)
  • pamphlets
Language English
Type (DCMI)
  • Text
Original Item Extent 80 pages; 22 cm.
Original Item Location HC256.2.P27
Original Item URL http://library.uh.edu/record=b8302906~S11
Original Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection URL http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp
Repository Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries
Repository URL http://libraries.uh.edu/branches/special-collections
Use and Reproduction This item is in the public domain and may be used freely.
File Name index.cpd
Item Description
Title Image 64
Format (IMT)
  • image/jpeg
File Name uhlib_781144_063.jpg
Transcript 62 GREAT BRITAIN AFTER THE WAR. job, instead of letting each man blunder for himself. It may teach our employers a great deal as to the economy of (a) short and regular hours; Ob) intervals for rest and refreshment; (c) ascertaining precisely the most suitable tools for each job and each man (much more can be shovelled if the spade is exactly the right shape for the material and the right length for the man who wields it). All these are lessons for the manager. But it fails altogether as to the share of the wage-earner. It is probably right in insisting on the necessity for Piecework Wages; (but it refuses (a) to let the Standard Rate be settled by Collective Bargaining or law; (b) to make the Piecework Scale, once fixed, not subject to reduction at the will of the employer alone. It affords, therefore, no security against the rates being '' cut '' (as they have repeatedly been). Nor does " Scientific Management " throw any light at all on how the product should be shared (how high the Standard Rate should be). It is not in the least scientific from the standpoint of the economist : by science it means only exact measurement of the worker's effort by the stopwatch ! Scientific Management is opposed to increased Democracy in Industry, in the sense of the manual workers having, collectively, any participation in the management. It does not seek to make the part of the manual worker more intellectual or "self-developing," but less: the foreman is to show him exactly by what motions each job is to be done, and the workman is required to repeat precisely these motions all the day through. It seeks to segregate thinking on the one hand (in the manager and foreman) and muscular effort on the other (in the labourer). The skilled artizan, as we know him, disappears. (In view of the fact that physical training experts now lav great stress on perpetually varying their muscular exercises", the proposal to keep men all day repeating exactly the same movements demands investigation as to its effects on their health, strength, and mental development. No such investigation has been made by the advocates of Scientific Management.) 3. The State and " Scientific Management." Even if. a student convinces himself that the philosophy of "Scientific Management" is "good," it will be obvious to him—en ^ its originator's own admissions—that the mecham&m ' is liable to grave abuse by grasping employers. He must, therefore, set himself to the further task of thinking out what steps Trade Unionism and the State should take