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Great Britain after the war
Image 43
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Webb, Sidney, 1859-1947. Great Britain after the war - Image 43. 1916. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. October 20, 2020. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/2338/show/2296.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Webb, Sidney, 1859-1947. (1916). Great Britain after the war - Image 43. Socialist and Communist Pamphlets. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/2338/show/2296

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Webb, Sidney, 1859-1947, Great Britain after the war - Image 43, 1916, Socialist and Communist Pamphlets, Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries, accessed October 20, 2020, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/2338/show/2296.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Compound Item Description
Title Great Britain after the war
Alternative Title Great Britain after the war, by Sidney Webb and Arnold Freeman; being facts and figures, quotations and queries, suggestions and forecasts, designed to help individual inquirers and study circles in considering what will happen after war with regard to trade, employment, wages, prices, trade unionism, co-operation, women's labour, foreign commerce, the railways, the coal supply, education, taxation, etc. Dedicated to the Workers' educational association
Creator (LCNAF)
  • Webb, Sidney, 1859-1947
Publisher G. Allen and Unwin
Place of Creation (TGN)
  • London
Date 1916
Subject.Topical (LCSH)
  • World War, 1914-1918
  • Economic policy
  • Economics
Subject.Geographic (TGN)
  • United Kingdom
Genre (AAT)
  • pamphlets
Language English
Type (DCMI)
  • Text
Original Item Extent 80 pages; 22 cm.
Original Item Location HC256.2.P27
Original Item URL http://library.uh.edu/record=b8302906~S11
Original Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection URL http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp
Repository Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries
Repository URL http://libraries.uh.edu/branches/special-collections
Use and Reproduction This item is in the public domain and may be used freely.
File Name index.cpd
Item Description
Title Image 43
Format (IMT)
  • image/jpeg
File Name uhlib_781144_042.jpg
Transcript GREAT BRITAIN AFTER THE WAR. 41 I D.—Wanted : Both a Policy and Organisation. 1. A Policy. Miss Margaret Bondfield : " The principle of equal pay for equal work is accepted generally by organised Labour as represented by the War Emergency Workers' National Committee and the Trades Union Congress." Miss Eleanor Rathbone : " . . . The policy of equal wages for equal work is not a practicable one." What is meant by " Equal Pay for Equal Work " ? I (a) This may mean equal time-wages (equal hours and equal pay per hour) based on a common humanity.' But for the employer this very rarely means equal payment for equal services rendered to him. The woman seldom produces commodities or services equal both in quality and quantity to those of the man; but even when she does, she (1) often works shorter hours and cannot do so much overtime, or cannot work at night; (2) is absent, from ill-health, on an average, about twice as much as a man; (3) cannot be put, on account of physical or other incapacity, to certain services, frequently or occasionally required; (4) is usually less prepared to remain qn for years at a stretch, to undertake responsibility or accept promotion; (5) causes extra expense to the employer, where both sexes are employed together, for superintendence, lavatory accommodation, welfare work, etc. (If women teachers or clerks had always to be paid the same salaries as men of equivalent qualifications, which the men teachers and clerks have sometimes—and the women seldom !—proposed, this would quickly mean either that men would nearly always be preferred, if the salary scale was high enough to attract men, or, if the salary scale were lowered to the women's rate, that men would probably be ousted.) (b) At equal piecework rates, the woman usually produces less and therefore earns less than a man, largely for the reasons noted above, see under (1) and (2); she often has to suffer deductions for jobs done for her (3); the employer suffers also from (3), (4), and (5). It is therefore difficult to secure even equal piecework rates. (c) " Equal payment for equal services rendered ' is neither (a) nor (b). For the woman it would mean either lower time- wages or lower piece-rates in order to compensate the employer for her disadvantages as a producer (1) to (5) above. Or, where the piecework scale is equal, there may be a practical segregation of jobs, so that the heavier, carrying higher rates, are nearly always done by men and the lighter nearly