politically, the most active section of the peasantry, yielded
a majority for the party of the Bolsheviks and placed it
at the helm.
(9) Then, in the course of November and December,
the revolution was taking hold of the entire army and
the peasantry manifesting itself, first of all, in the di
missal and re-election of the old organization at the top
(army committees, provincial and peasant committees, the
Central Executive Committee of the All-Russia Council
of Peasants' Delegates, etc.), which embodied the obsoiet
compromising stage of the revolution, not the proletarian
stage, and which were bound to disappear under the
pressure of the lower and broader popular masses.
(10) This mighty movement of the exploited masses
for the re-organization of the leading organs of their organizations is even now, at the end of December, 1917,
not yet at an end, and the Railwaymens' Congress, which
still continues, constitutes one of its stages.
(11) Hence, the grouping of the class forces in Russia
in the course of their class struggle is taking an essentially
different shape in November and December, 1917, from
the one reflected in the party lists of candidates to the
Constituent Assembly towards the end of October, 1917.
(12) Recent events in the Ukraine, partly also in Finland and Whitie Russia, as well as in the Caucasus, similarly revealed a re-grouping of the class forces, which is
taking place in the course of the struggle between the
bourgeois nationalism of the Ukrainian Rada, the Finnish
Diet, etc., on the one hand, and the Soviet'authority, tl
proletarian and peasant revolution in each of these national republics, on the other.
(13) Lastly, the civil war which the counter-revolutionary rebellion of the Kaledinites has started against
the Soviet authority, against the workers' and peasants'
revolution, has finally brought the class struggle to an
( 117 )