and our hopes realized. The honour of Spain, the cause of civilization,
and humanity are involved in the abolition of slavery. And the undersigned, therefore, being Spaniards and men, pray the Cortes to be
pleased to definitely abolish slavery in Spanish territory, and annihilate for ever that wicked legacy of times gone by, now our crime
and our shame.
"Valencia, 15th October, 1872."
(Here follow the signatures.)
ADDRESS OF THE SPANISH ABOLITION SOCIETY TO THE
SENATE IN MADRID.
The undersigned, President, Vice-President, Secretaries, and Members of the Sociedad Abolicionista Espanola, approach the Senate
respectfully, representing: —
First. That the definite Law of Abolition, promised in Moret's Preparatory Law of 4th July, 1870, and which has also been repeatedly and
solemnly promised by the Spanish Government, both before the Chambers and to Foreign Cabinets, is not yet introduced or promulgated.
Secondly. That Moret's Preparatory Law of 1870, itself, in spite of
professed urgency, has in its principal articles, been in suspense till
the publication, in the Gazette of August 19, of the Rules (Reglamento)
for its working.
Thirdly. That the Reglamento referred to not only omits completely
the grave matter consulted upon writh the Captain-General of Cuba, respecting the fulfilment of Article 5 of the said Preparatory Law, but
by the nature of many of its dispositions renders necessary another
new Reglamento, creating institutions, respecting whose significance
there cannot be the least doubt.
Fourthly. That the slaves are free by right, through the insurgents
having renounced dominion over them, and who, according to Article 5
of the Law of 1870, cannot be held by the State, as it is forbidden to
the State to possess slaves, are nevertheless retained in slavery. The
State holding them by confiscation, but contrary to law.
Fifthly. That to the non-fulfilment of the Preparatory Law has been
added the non-fulfilment of the promises made by many slave-owners in
Cuba, to send to the Government a project of Abolition, according to
official telegrams of the 2nd and 15th of July, 1870.
Sixthly. That there constantly appear in the official Gazette of Porto
Rico concessions of freedom made by masters to their slaves in that
Island. The number of slaves* existing there in 1868 was 43,361, but
has now been reduced by voluntary manumission to 31,041.
Seventhly. That the insurrection of Cuba has produced the dispersion or death of two-thirds of the slaves of the Central and Eastern
Departments of the Island, who in 1862 amounted to nearly 180,000
Eightly. That, according to official declarations, the base of the
Cuban insurrections at present is formed of slaves and Chinese
1. That " Slavery is an outrage on human nature, and a stain on the
only nation in the civilized world which retains it," according to the