to know is, how many men have fallen of the Havana Volunteers whose .
patriotism is so much cried up, and who have never fought for tlie honour
of Spain. This information is nevertheless not vouchsafed to us, on
the excuse that the Minister of War has not the data in his possession.
I therefore request the Colonial Minister to furnish us with any data,
which may be in the Colonial Office, respecting the merits of these
patriots, and the risks they have run.
In reply to a remark of the Colonial Minister, to the effect that he
believed the Volunteers had done good service to Spain in Cuba. Senor
Diaz Quintero said—The Colonial Minister may believe whatever
he likes, but his belief, be it what it may, does not furnish us with the
data I require, and it is data, and not belief, which I am asking for.
With respect to the question he asks me, I have no objection to reply
that I fully recognise the services rendered by the Havana Volunteers,
so far as regards the murders they committed in the Cafe del Louvre,
and elsewhere, as also in expelling and sending back hither General
Dulce, as I am also thoroughly well aware of the ignominy heaped u pon the
Spanish Government for suffering such an attack upon its dignity. If
there had been any sense of decorum in the Government, General Dulce
would have returned with a squadron at his back, strong enough to force
him upon these rebels, for in plain truth the real Cuban rebels are the
slaver volunteers of Havana.
• ••••*•• •
On the same day Senor Diaz Quintero said—"The Senate need not
fear that I am going to inflict a long speech upon it, since I have no
intention of going deeply into the question ; but only to express my
astonishment that, after the period of four years which has elapsed
since our glorious revolution, one of whose first mottoes was freedom
for the slave, Spain still bears the disgrace of being the only civilized
country which upholds slavery in its territory. It may be truly said
that it is not Spanish territory, since wherever slavery exists cannot be
Spanish soil. The fatherland means not merely a piece of land, but a
community of interests, affections, language, customs, and, above all,
community of rights ; and yet in Cuba we see all trampled on despotically, and a system of slavery in force which is a disgrace to our nation.
I am astonished that, after having promised the abolition, and even
gone so far as to propose a • Preparatory Act,' which has never been
carried out, we still remain as we were. The Colonial Minister hopes
for great things; but I can assure him that neither the law nor the
regulations will produce them. The gradual system of abolition is
completely discredited all over the world. What would have been
most natural was to have come before the Cortes with an Act to definitely decide the question once and for all."
• ••• .....
In the Senate, on the 18th October, Senor Eduardo Benot said :—
Let us now turn our glance to the Colonies, but before doing so I