Jacob H. Schiff, banker and publicist:
It is evident that if we do not come to the aid of the elements in
Russia who heroically battle to subdue the forces of disorder and anarchy,
the present regime, which cannot remain permanently, will surely be
followed by reactionary rule most likely as undesirable as was that of
the Romanoffs. (Ibid.)
Gertrude Atherton, the noted novelist, in an article entitled
"Time as a Cure for Bolshevism," said:
The fact is that all civilized Europe stands in terror of Bolshevism,
not because the people care the least whether their governments ever see
their fifteen billions [loans to Russia] again, but because Bolshevism
means chaos, wholesale murder, the complete destruction of civilization.
If it had been really animated by the true theories it professed; if it had
solved the problem of poverty, let alone of human happiness, if it had
brought freedom and prosperity even to one class, it would have triumphed; no doubt of that.
But the Bolsheviki, having seduced the ignorant masses of Russia
with lies and gained control of the banks and ammunition, soon showed
their hand. They are merely our old conventional anarchists under a
new name and with power for the first time to loot and murder on a
huge scale, instead of plotting a king now and then, or exhibiting their
unfriendliness to the law by safe-cracking and murdering for pleasure
or for hire. The Bolsheviki of Russia and elsewhere are merely the
criminal classes organized. . . .
I wonder what posterity, reading history, will say to the statesmen
of the western civilizations for not having sent an army into Russia long
ago and exterminated Bolshevism at its source. ... It would have been
a simple matter. . . . (New York Times Magazine, March 16, 1919,
The following prominent men issued an open letter, in
April, 1919, asking assistance for the "Russian armed factions
fighting the Lenin-Trotzky regime'':
Daniel Carter Beard, founder of the Boy Scouts, author
Charles Stewrart Davison, lawyer and author.
Dr. William T. Hornaday, director, New York Zoological
George A. Hurd.
Lyle E. Mahan.
Dr. William T. Manning, Rector of Trinity Church.
Cleveland Moffat, author.
George D. Pratt, banker and capitalist.
George Haven Putnam, prominent publisher.
Dr. Edgar Fahs Smith, Provost of the University of Pennsylvania.
Dr. Benjamin I. Wheeler, President of the University of
California, and others.