ADDRESS OF ALBERT R. PARSONS.
Socialism, your honor, means the abolition of wage slavery, because it
allows the people to carry on production and consumption by means of a system of universal co-operation. That is what I said at the Haymarket. I
pointed out at the Haymarket the fact that the workingmen were being deprived, according to Colonel Wright, the commissioner of the Bureau of Labor
Statistics of the United States. He proves by the statistics that they were
producing values to the extent of $10 a day, and receiving $1.15; that they
were being deprived of $8.85. Now, I said to them: " Here," said I, " Socialism will give you that $8.85; under Socialism you would get that whole $10,
whereas under, the wTage system you receive $1.15 of it. But that is not all:
Socialism will make your labor saving machinery a blessing instead of a curse
to you ; by it wealth will be increased, and drudgery diminished indefinitely.
Socialism is simple justice, because wealth is a social, not an individual product, and its appropriation by a few members of society creates a privileged
class—a class who monopolize all the benefits of society by enslaving the producing class." Now, your honor, this is what makes the monopolists mad at
the Anarchists. This angers the corporation men. See what they say. The
result is that a verdict must be brought against Socialism ; because, as the
district attorney states here, the law, and the government, and Anarchy are
upon trial. That is the reason. Not for what I did, but it is for what 1 believe. It is what I say that these men object to. The verdict was against
Socialism, as said by the Chicago Times the day after the verdict.
"In the opinion of many thoughtful men the labor question has reached
a point where blood-letting has become necessary," says the Chicago Iron*
"The execution of the death penalty upon the Socialist malefactors in
Chicago will be in Ub effect the execution of the death penalty upon the Socialistic propaganda in this country.
"The verdict of death pronounced by a Chicago jury and court against
these Socialist malefactors is the verdict of the American people against the
crime called Socialism," says the Chicago Times. By the American people
the Times means the monopolists.
In more familiar words, as used heretofore by the Times, " other working-
men will take warning from their fate, and learn a valuable lesson." The
Times in 1878 advised that " hand grenades (bombs) should be thrown among
the striking sailors," who were striving to obtain higher wages, " as by such
treatment they would be taught a valuable lesson, and other strikers would
take warning from their fate."
So it seems, " hand grenades for strikers," and " the gallows for al-
ists," are recommended by the organ of monopoly, as a terror to both
Socialism aims not at the lives of individuals but at the system which
makes paupers and millionaires possible. Socialism aims at the 'death of no
man nor the destruction of property, and the capitalistic press lies, and th
know it, when they make such charges a-ainst Socialists. They lie about us
in order to deceive the people; but the people will not he deceived much
longer. No, they will not. The monopolist organs of our cities have advised
hand grenades, strychnine, arsenic and lead instead of bread, for the une.
ployed and those seeking to better their condition, long enough It is time