ADDRESS OF ALBERT U. PARSONS.
prevailed. Therefore everything in the line of progress, in civilization in
octalittic. There are two distinct phases of Socialism in the labor
lovement throughout the world today. One is known as Anarchism, without
3iitical government or authority, the other is known as State Socialism or
maiism, or governmental control of everything. The State Socialist seeks
> ameliorate and emancipate the wage laborers by means of law, by legislative enactments. The State Socialists demand the right to choose their own
era. Anarchists^would have neither rulers nor law makers of any kind.
> AnarchistB seek the same ends by the abrogation of law, by the abolition
i an government, leaving the people free to unite or disunite, as fancy or
interest may dictate, coercing no one, driving no party.
Now, your honor, we are supported in this position by a very distinguished
man indeed no less a man than Buckle, the author of "The History of Civi-
He states that there have been two opposing elements to the progress of civilization of man. The first of these two is the Church; the Church
which commands what a man shall believe. And the other is the State, which
commands him what to do. Now, sir, Buckle says that the only good lawa
passed in the last three or four hundred years have been laws that repealed
other aws. That is the view exactly of Anarchists. Our belief is that all
these laws should be repealed, and that is the only good legislation that could
possibly take place.
Now, law is license, and consequently despotic. A legal enactment is
simply something which authorizes somebody to do something to somebody
else or for somebody else that he could not do were it not for the statute. Now
then, the statute is the divestment and the denial of the right of another, and
We hold that to be wrong; we consider that the invasion of a man's natural
right. Mark you, we do not object to all laws; the law which is in accordance
with nature is good. The constitution of the United States, when it guarantees me the right of free speech, a free press, and of unmolested assemblage,
and the right of self-defense, is good, because it sanctions it. Why? Because
it is in conformity with natural law. It doesn't require any statute law to provide such a safeguard as that: that is inalienable, and it is a natural right,
inherited by the very fact of my existence, and the mere fact that it is
embraced in the constitution does not make it any more sacred at all. On
the contrary it shows how foolish it is to do by constitution that which kind
mother Nature has already freely and graciously done for us. The more we
are governd the less we are free. I do not believe your honor will deny that.
The law abiding citizen, especially if he is called upon to do something
under a law that enslaves him, is an uncomplaining slave to the power that
governs him. Imagine a chattel slave down south who was law-abiding, who
was obedient; what does that mean? That means he did not have any objection ; he did not have anything to say against the law that makes him another
man's slave. Now, the workingman today in this country who says nothing,
who makes no objection to any of these enactments, with no protests to make
at all against these infamous things that are practiced by legislation, that
workingman is a law abiding, obedient workingman. He is a nice, quiet,
peaceful, genteel citizen.
Anarchists are not that kind. We object to those laws. Now, whether