ADDRESS OF ALBERT R. PARSONS.
In an interview concerning this matter, published in the Chicago papers,
Grinnell aaid: "Very rigid measures will be adopted toward the Arbeiter-
Zeitung. Any reference to alleged bribery of the jury or other incendiary
utterances will cause its instant suppression. We are going to see this matter
Thus the men who are selected to enforce the law and who are sworn and
paid to obey it and enforce it trample the law and the constitution under their
feet at the behest of a few rich men when they find it convenient to punish
the poor. Thus the blasphemous conspiracy against free speech, free press
and public assemblage was concocted, engineered and consummated.
In the effort of the prosecution to hold up our opinions to public execration they lost sight of the charge of murder. Disloyalty to their class, and
their boasted civilization is in their eyes a far greater crime than murder.
Anarchy, in the language of Grinnell, is simply a compound of robbery, incendiarism and murder. Now, your honor, this is the official statement of Mr.
Grinnell, and against his definition of Anarchy I would put that of Mr. Webster. I think that is pretty near as good authority as that gentleman's.
What is Anarchy? What is the nature of the dreadful thing—this Anarchy, for the holding of which this man says we ought to suffer death? The
closing hours of this trial, yes, for five days the representatives of a privileged,
usurped power of despotism sought to belie, misrepresent, and vilify the doctrine in which I believe. Now, your honor, let me speak of that for a moment.
What is Anarchy ? What are its doctrines-
General Parsons—For which your are called upon to die.
Mr. Parsons—For which I am called upon to die. First and foremost it
is our opinion, or the opinion of an Anarchist, that government is despotism;
government is an organization of oppression, and law, statute law, is its agent.
Anarchy is anti-government, anti-rulers, anti-dictators,anti-bosses and drivers.
Anarchy ia the negation of force; the elimination of all authority in eocial
affairs; it is the denial of the right of domination of one man over another.
It is the diffusion of rights, of power, of duties, equally and freely among all
the people. But Anarchy, your honor, like many other words, is defined by
Webster's dictionary as having two meanings. In one place it is defined to
mean, " without rulers or governors." In another place it is defined to mean,
" disorder and confusion." Now, this latter meaning is what we call "capitalistic Anarchy," such as is now witnessed in all portions of the world and
especially in this court room; the former, which means without rulers, is
what we denominate Communistic Anarchy, which will be ushered in with
the social revolution.
Socialism is a word which covers the whole range of human progress and
advancement. Socialism iB defined by Webster—I think I have a right to
speak of this matter, because I am tried here as a Socialist. I am condemned
as a Socialist, and it has been of Socialism that my friend Grinnell and these
men had so much to say, and I think it right to speak before the country, and
be heard in my own behalf, at least. If you are going to put me to death,
then let the people know what it is for. Socialism is defined by Webster aa
" a theory of society which advocates a more precise, more orderly, and more
harmonious arrangement of the social relations of mankind than lias hitherto