ADDRESS OF ALBERT R. PARSONS.
platoon would have been blown, as we have already said, into unrecognizable
atoms, had it been a Lingg dynamite bomb. I cite the caae of France, and
Doran, and Berrige, at Warren, Pennsylvania. In each case the singular
characteristic of their death, is the fact of the complete annihilation of matter,
especially of the human body. Beside human, the iron frames of wagons, and
even ponderous nitro glycerine safes, have been removed from human vision
as effectually as if they had never been formed.
This is not merely circumstantial evidence. It is proof positive that it
was not a dynamite bomb, such as the alleged conspirators distributed at the
Monday night meeting of the armed group, which did not attend the Haymarket, Lingg himself being absent some miles distant. It is confirmation
strong as proof of Holy Writ that the agencv used to destroy our lives and the
eight hour movement was a new New York infernal machine.
Six of these condemned men were not even present at the Haymarket
meeting when the tragedy occurred. One of them was five miles away at the
Deering Harvester Works in Lake View, addressing a mass meeting of 2,000
workingmen. Another was at home in bed and knew not of the meeting being
held at all until the next day. These facts, your honor, stand uncontradicted
before this court. Only one witness— Gilmer—and his testimony is overwhelmingly impeached, as I remarked before—connected the other two—two
only—of these men with the tragedy at the Haymarket at all.
Now, with these facts, the attempt to make out a case of conspiracy
against us is a contemptible farce. What were the facts testified to by the
two so-called informers? They said that two of these defendants were present
at the so-called conspiracy meeting of Monday night. What then have you
done with the other six men who were not members—who were not present,
and did not know of the meeting being held Monday night? These two so-
called informers testified that at the so-called conspiracy meeting of May 3, it
was resolved that in the future, when .police and militia should attack and
club and kill workingmen at their meetings, then, and then only, they were
in duty bound to help defend these working people against such unlawful,
unrighteous, and outrageous assaults. That was all that was Baid or done.
Was that a conspiracy? If it was, your honor, it was a conspiracy to do right
and oppose what is wrong.
But your sentence says that it is criminal for the workingmen to resolve
to defend their lives and their liberties and their happiness against brutal,
bloody and unlawful assaults of the police and militia.
Look at this jury for a moment, observe the material of which it was composed. There was Juryman Todd; when he was accepted on the jury he described himself as a clothing salesman, and a Baptist. As soon as the verdict
had been rendered he was, of course, interviewed. He said:
"This was a picked jury ; they were all gentleman. You see, Major Cole,
who was the first juror accepted, and myself took the other jurors in hand as
soon as they were accepted." Major Cole, you will remember, described himself as a bookkeeper, and an Episcopalian. Todd, in his interview, went on
to tell how, notwithstanding their virtuouB professions, when they went to
the jury room they played cards; they also played the fiddle and guitar
and piano, and sang songs. In fact, these gentlemen had a very merry