ADDRESS OF ALBERT R. PARSONS.
the other workingmen into submission and frighten them back into the
acceptance of the ten hour plan.
Your honor, if you please, I would like to take a short recess. I am much
fatigued. I have a few more words to say, and I wdll finish them this afternoon.
The Court—I had intended not to have but one session of the court today;
there has been now two hours and three-quarters this morning and an hour
yesterday, three hours and three-quarters of time spent upon that which, as
the speaker and the auditors know, has had very little to do with the question
that is before me, and it does not seem to me that I ought to have repeated
sessions of court in listening to repetitions from newspapers, etc., which never
could be used upon any trial, never could have been, and never can be. I
would very much prefer to finish up the matter. I shall not restrict you as
Mr. Parsons—I will say, your honor, I am now in the midst of that part
of my statement which refers more directly to the Haymarket matter.
The Court—Go on, say all that you wish to say.
[It was plain to be seen, however, that the speaker was physically unable
to " go on."]
Mr. Parsons—The absolute proof that the missile thrown was not dynamite, but what was known in the late civil war as an infernal bomb, is in the
evidence of every surgeon who testified that all incisions were clean, and
that the flesh was torn as from an explosive in the interior. It was testified
by these scientific men, your honor, that dynamite is percussive, and had a
shell the size of Lingg's manufacture, on exhibition in evidence, been thrown
in the closed ranks of the police, as was this infernal machine, instead of killing but one on the spot, and wounding a few others, it would have blown to
unrecognizable fragments the platoons in the vicinity, and the wounds, where
there were wounds, would have been as clean as with solid projectiles.
This was an infernal bomb from New York, brought there by the Indianapolis traveler, and not a dynamite bomb, the descriptions in its effects upon
it8 victims, exactly corresponding with the description of those explosives,
when once used in battle on the Potomac. The hollow bullets within the
shell, after entering the victim, exploded, lacerating the flesh and inflicting
ugly internal and really infernal wounds.
But, dynamite is an explosive which annihilates its victims. All experiment and experience demonstrates that fact. The State of Illinois, to convict
any man for using a dynamite bomb at the Haymarket, must show that it
was dynamite ; because the absolutely necessary link to connect these defendants with the explosion, (and especially Lingg, whom they charge, and are
going to hang, for merely its supposed manufacture by him) is the proof that
it was a dynamite bomb, and not an infernal machine, as they were called in
war times. The positive proof that it was not such a bomb as Lingg made,
lies in the fact that but one man was killed outright, and others being merely
wounded, though the bomb fell between two close platoons of heavily maa8ed
Mark, sir, dynamite is an explosive which annihilates its victims. A
pound displaces the air within a radius of one thousand feet. The adjacent