ADDRESS OF ALBERT R. PARSONS.
States senate. These organized, legalized conspiracies that are bringing about
wholesale bankruptcies; conspiracies that inflate the railway stock of the
country from two billion dollars to six billion dollars; which compel the people of this country to pay interest upon four billion dollars of watered stock
upon railroads alone, compelling the workingmen of America to pay in wages
for, this inflation, for labor in the end must foot the bill.- Now, these men
urge this is a conspiracy. So do I, and so do the workingmen of this country.
We agree with them. Now, this is a part of the programme culminating here
in this Haymarket affair on the 4th of May last. This deplorable conspiracy
to which I referred incidentally before, and which I now wish to give to the
court in detail, to break down the eight hour movement and avenge itself
upon the leaders of the labor movement, furnishes indisputable proof that
we, the eight hour men, here at this bar, are the victims of that foul conspiracy to rob and enslave the American people.
What are the real facts of that Haymarket tragedy? Mayor Harrison, of
Chicago, has caused to be published his opinion, because, mark you, this is
all a matter of conjecture. It is'only presumed that I threw the bomb. They
have only assumed that some one of these men threw the bomb. It is only
an inference that any of us had anything to do with it. It is not a fact, and
it is not proven. It is merely an opinion. Your honor admits that we did
not perpetrate the deed, or know who did it, but that we, by our speeches
instigated some one else to do so. Now, let us see the other side of this case!
Mayor Harrison of Chicago, has caused to be published in the New York
World, and which was copied in the Tribune of this city, this statement- " I
do not believe there was any intention on the part of Spies and those men to
have bomba thrown at the Haymarket. If so, why was there but one thrown?
It was just as easy for them to throw a dozen or fifty, and to throw them in
all parts of the city, as it was to have thrown one. And again if it was intended to throw bombs that night, the leaders would not have been there at
all, in my opinion. Like commanders in chief, they would have been in a
safe place. No, it cannot be shown that there was any intention on the part
of these individuals to kill that particular man who was killed at that Haymarket meeting." Now, your honor, this is the mayor of Chicago He is a
sensible man. He is in a position to know what he is talking about He has
first-rate opportunities to form an intelligent opinion, and his opinion
worthy of respect. He knows more about this thing than the jury that sat in
this room for he knows-1 suspect that the mayor knows-of some of the
methods by which most of this so-called evidence and testimony was manufactured. I don't charge it, but possibly he ha8 had some intimation of it,
and if he has he knows more about this case and the merits of thie case than
didthejury who sat here There is too much at Btake to take anything for
granted. Your honor can't afford to do that.
Is it nothing to destroy the lives of seven men? Are the rights of the
poor of no consequence? Is it nothing, that we should regard it so liehtlv
as a mere pastime? That is why I stand here at such length to present tbTa
case to you, that you may understand it; that you may have our side of this
question as well as that of the prosecution. Now, this opinion of Mayor Harrison was based upon his personal observation on the ground at the Haymarket