ADDRESS OF ALBERT R. PARSONS.
mail armor of the knight, the freebooter, and the robber of that period. It
enabled the victims of these highway robbers to stand off at a distance in a
safe place and defend themselves by the use of gunpowder, and make a ball
enter and pierce into the flesh of their robbers and destroyers. Gunpowder
came as a democratic instrument. It came as a republicaa institution, and
the effect was that it immediately began to equalize and bring about an equilibrium of power. There was less power in the hands of the nobility after
that; less power in the hands of the king; less power in the hands of those
who would plunder and degrade and destroy the people after that.
So today dynamite comes as the emancipator of man from the domination
and enslavement of his fellowman. [The judge showed symptoms of impatience.] Bear with me now. Dynamite is the diffusion of power. It is democratic ; it makes everybody equal. General Sheridan says " arms are worthless." They are worthlesa in the presence of this instrument. Nothing can
meet it. The Pinkertona, the police, the militia, are absolutely worthless in
the presence of dynamite. They can do nothing with the people at all. It is
the equilibrium. It iB the annihilator. It is the disseminator of power. It
is the downfall of oppression. It is the abolition of authority; it is the dawn
of peace; it is the end of war, because war cannot exist unless there is somebody to make war upon, and dynamite makes that unsafe, undesirable, and
absolutely impossible. It is a peace-maker; it is man's best and last friend;
it emancipates the world from the domineering of the few over the many,
because all government, in the laat resort, is violence; all law, in the last
resort, is force. Everything is based upon force. Force is the law of the universe ; force is the law of nature, and this newly discovered force makes all
men equal and therefore free. It is idle to talk of rights when one does not
possess the power to enforce them. Science haB nowT given every human being
that power. It is proposed by the prosecution here to take me by force and
strangle me on the gallows for these things I have said, for these expressions.
Now, force is the last reBort of tyrants; it is the last resort of despots and of
oppressors, and he who would strangle another because that other does not
believe as be would have him, he who will destroy another because that other
will not do as he says, that man is a despot and a tyrant and unworthy to live.
Now, I speak plainly ; I speak as an Anarchist; I speak as a Socialist; I
speak as a wage slave, a workingman. Doea it follow, because I hold these
views, that I committed this act at the Haymarket? Does that follow? Why,
you might just as consistently charge General Phil. Sheridan with the act,
and for the same reason, for while he did not go into the matter perhaps as
extensively in his encomium upon dynamite as I have done, yet he furnished
me the text from which I have drawn my knowledge of this thing.
But, you say, my speeches were sometimes extravagant, unlawful. During the discussion of the question of the extension of chattel slavery into the
new territories, into Kansas and the west, while Charles Sumner was yet
a member of the United States senate, and that gallant man stood as the
champion of freedom upon that floor, he was expostulated with on one occasion and reprimanded by a friend, who said to him : " Sumner, you are not
expedient; you must have more policy about what you say, you should not
express yourself in this manner; you should not be so denunciatory and fan-