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The Chicago martyrs
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The Chicago martyrs - Image 82. 1899. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. October 26, 2020. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/1725/show/1639.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

(1899). The Chicago martyrs - Image 82. Socialist and Communist Pamphlets. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/1725/show/1639

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

The Chicago martyrs - Image 82, 1899, Socialist and Communist Pamphlets, Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries, accessed October 26, 2020, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/1725/show/1639.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title The Chicago martyrs
Alternative Title The Chicago martyrs: the famous speeches of the eight anarchists in Judge Gary's court, October 7, 8, 9, 1886, and Reasons for pardoning Fielden, Neebe, and Schwab
Contributor (LCNAF)
  • Altgeld, John Peter, 1847-1902
  • Spies, August Vincent Theodore, 1855-1887
Publisher Free Society Publishing Co.
Place of Creation (TGN)
  • San Francisco, California
Date 1899
Subject.Topical (LCSH)
  • Haymarket Square Riot, Chicago, Ill., 1886
  • Anarchists
Subject.Name (LCNAF)
  • Fielden, Samuel, 1847-
  • Neebe, Oscar W., 1850-
  • Schwab, Michael, 1853-
Genre (AAT)
  • pamphlets
Language English
Type (DCMI)
  • Text
Original Item Extent 159 pages; [2] leaves of plates; 1 illustration; 1 portrait; 23 cm.
Original Item Location HX846.C4C43 1899
Original Item URL http://library.uh.edu/record=b8319999~S11
Original Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection URL http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp
Repository Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries
Repository URL http://libraries.uh.edu/branches/special-collections
Use and Reproduction This item is in the public domain and may be used freely.
File Name index.cpd
Item Description
Title Image 82
Format (IMT)
  • image/jpeg
File Name uhlib_21042507_081.jpg
Transcript 74 ADDRESS OF ALBERT R. PARSONS. possible to bring about a reform of this present wage system, because of the fact that the power of the employing class is so great that they can refuse to make any concessions, you say that I had no interest in the eight hour movement. Is it not the fact that the present social system places all power in the hands of the capitalist class? They can and do refuse to make any concessions, and where they grant anything they retract it when they choose to do so. They can do it. The wage system gives them the power. The tyranny and the despotism of the wage system of labor consists in the fact that the wage laborer is compelled under penalty of hunger and death by starvation to obey and accept terms laid down to him by his employer Hence I have pointed out that it might be difficult for this reason to establish an eight hour ru e. What have I said in this connection? I have said to the employers, to the manufacturers and the corporations-the monopolists of America = Gentlemen, the eight hour system of labor is the olive branch of peace held out to you Take it. Concede this moderate demand of the working people. Give them better opportunities. Let them possess the leisure which eight hours will bring Let it operate on the wants and the daily habits of the people. I have talked this way to the rich of this country in every place I have gone and I have told them, not in the language of a threat; not in the language of intimidation ; I have said: »If you do not concede this demand, if, on the other hand you increase the hours of labor, and employ more and more machinery you thereby increase the number of enforced idle • vou thereby swell the army of the compulsory idle and unemployed • you create new elements o discontent; you increase the armyof idleness and misery." I said to them: « Tins ,s a dangerous condition of things to have in a country It is liable to lead to violence. It will drive the workers into revolution The eight hour demand ,s a measure which is in the interest of humanity 'in the interest of peace, in the interest of prosperity and public order " Now, your honor, can you take your comments there and say that we had ether motives and ulterior motives? Your impression is derived iroltoe inflamma ory sec ions and articles selected by the prosecution for your "onor to read. I think I know what my motives were, and I am stating them denb- erately and fairly and honestly leaving you to judge whether or not I am telling Ue truth You say that «the different papers and the speeches Z msh direct contradiction to the arguments of the counsel for the defense that we proposed to resort to arms only in the case of unlawful attacks of T police." Why, the very article that you quote in the A J7-acon,„f Lu I have not, but which I would like to see, calling theTmer can Grotto as emble for the purpose of considering military matters and military organU zation, states specifically that the purpose and object is to take into cons ideation measures of defense against unlawful and unconstitutional «*?,, the Police That identical article shows it. You forge^u^ f.ct^en you made this observation; and I defy any one to show, in a snelh fh«7 susceptible of proof, by proof, that I have ever said augbtby wTd 0f lath or by written article except self-defense. Does not the consSon 71 country, under whose flag myself and my forefather'weret^ £ th Si 260 years, provide that protection, and give me, their descendant Z! ^ Does not the constitution say that I, as an American, haTa rS to kee^d 1