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The Chicago martyrs
Image 75
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The Chicago martyrs - Image 75. 1899. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. October 26, 2020. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/1725/show/1632.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

(1899). The Chicago martyrs - Image 75. Socialist and Communist Pamphlets. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/1725/show/1632

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

The Chicago martyrs - Image 75, 1899, Socialist and Communist Pamphlets, Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries, accessed October 26, 2020, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/1725/show/1632.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Compound Item Description
Title The Chicago martyrs
Alternative Title The Chicago martyrs: the famous speeches of the eight anarchists in Judge Gary's court, October 7, 8, 9, 1886, and Reasons for pardoning Fielden, Neebe, and Schwab
Contributor (LCNAF)
  • Altgeld, John Peter, 1847-1902
  • Spies, August Vincent Theodore, 1855-1887
Publisher Free Society Publishing Co.
Place of Creation (TGN)
  • San Francisco, California
Date 1899
Subject.Topical (LCSH)
  • Haymarket Square Riot, Chicago, Ill., 1886
  • Anarchists
Subject.Name (LCNAF)
  • Fielden, Samuel, 1847-
  • Neebe, Oscar W., 1850-
  • Schwab, Michael, 1853-
Genre (AAT)
  • pamphlets
Language English
Type (DCMI)
  • Text
Original Item Extent 159 pages; [2] leaves of plates; 1 illustration; 1 portrait; 23 cm.
Original Item Location HX846.C4C43 1899
Original Item URL http://library.uh.edu/record=b8319999~S11
Original Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection URL http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp
Repository Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries
Repository URL http://libraries.uh.edu/branches/special-collections
Use and Reproduction This item is in the public domain and may be used freely.
File Name index.cpd
Item Description
Title Image 75
Format (IMT)
  • image/jpeg
File Name uhlib_21042507_074.jpg
Transcript ADDRESS OF ALBERT R. PARSONS. 67 LlutionTdT £ 5Y ™? revolutionary- The dividing line between Ztother Z7 ' ^ k4 intercePtibl« b°™dary line where one begins and the other ends can never be designated. Who believed at the time that v ,tton\T , ?* mt° B°8t0n harb0r ,hat jt mean* the first act of the revolution.separating this continent from the dominion of George III. and ound.ng tins repubhc here ,n which we, their descendants, live today? Evo- evolutiTn TVh°Jb 'h •"!,**»*»«»• E™-«<>n is the incuba.ory state of revolution. The birth is the revolution-its process the evolution. Vv hat is the history of man with regard to the laboring classes? Originally the earth and its contents were held in common by all men. Then came a change brought about by violence, robbery and wholesale murder, called war Later, but still way back in historv wp finrl fUor *i u * I *>*"• ,, ui , ^iaiory, we mid that there were but two classes S tfZ TEVe8 7 rStetB- Time r0"ed on and ™ fl°d a lab»r astern of serfdom. Th.s serf labor system existed in the sixteenth and seventeenth r "r'7' "t? 1'T w!' ^ W°rM the 8erf had a '*ht to ^e soil on which he hved. The lord of the and could not exclude him from its use. But the discovery of America and the developments which followed that discovery and its settlement a century or two afterwards, the gold found in Peru and Mexico by the invading hosts of Pizarro and Cortez, who carried back to Europe th18 precous metal, infused new vitality into the commercial stagnant blood of Kurope and set in motion those wheels which have rolled on and on until today commerce covers the face of the earth; time is annihilated and distance .a known no more. Following the abolition of the serfdom system was the establishment of the wage labor system. This found its fruition or birth, rather, in the French Revolutions of 1789 and 1793. It was then for the first time that civil and political liberty was established in Europe We see by a mere glance back into history, that the sixteenth century was engaged in a struggle for religious freedom and the right of conscience-mental liberty Following that in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries was the struggle throughout France which resulted in the establishment of the republic and the founding of the right of political liberty. The struggle today, which follows on in the line of progress and in the logic of events, is the industrial problem, of which we were the representatives, as the State's attorney has said we were, selected by the grand jury because we were leaders, and are to be punished and consigned to an ignominious death for that reason, that the wage slaves of Chicago and of America may be horrified, terror-stricken, and driven hke rats back to their holes, to hunger, slavery, misery and death. The industrial question, following on in the natural order of events, the wage system of industry is now up for consideration; it presses for a hearing; it demands a solution; it cannot be throttled by this district attorney, nor all the district attorneys upon the soil of America. Now, what is this labor question which these gentlemen treat with such profound contempt, for advocating which these distinguished "honorable" gentlemen would throttle and put us to an ignominious death and hurry us hke rats into our holes? What is it? You will pardon me if I exhibit sonic feeling. I have sat here for two months, and these men have poured their vituperations out upon my head and I have not been permitted to utter a single word in my own defense. For two monthsthey have poured their