ADDRESS OP SAMUET, FIELDEN.
cost of machinery, the rent of buildings, the interest on money, and the wages
paid to employees. It went into different lines of production, and, summing
up, the result was this: That in a year'e time each man working as a wage
laborer in the city of Chicago had added to the wealth of this city—by
whomsoever it was possessed makes no difference—$2,764. The average
wages paid for that average product of each worker was $457—a little more
than one-sixth. And yet the political economists of the free trade and the
protective schools were asking: "Why is it that we have overproduction?"
You compel a man to work and produce $2,764 worth of goods and you give
him $457 to buy them with, and you ask: « Whv is it that we have overproduction, and why is it that our warehouses are full of goods and our
workshops have to shut up, and our workmen are turned out on the highwav
because there is nothing to do?" What is this tending to? Let me show the
change of conditions as shown in Boston in forty years. Charles Pickens a
mar, of acute perceptions, visited this country forty years ago, and he said
that the sight of a beggar in the streets of Boston at that time would have
created as much consternation as the sight of an angel with a drawn sword.
A Boston paper m the winter of 1884-5 stated that there were some quarters
m Boston where to own a stove was to be a comparative aristocrat. The poor
people who lived m the ne.ghborhood paid a certain sum of money to rent the
holes on the top of the stove that belonged to the aristocrats. You see he
change, and there is this comparative change in the working classes of Z
city, and in every large city in the union. It is a noted f^t 1Z •» ^u
.ast t^nty or thirty years the farms of this ooant^ btn^£j £
n.g out of the possession of the actual cultivators until today there is a littk
more than a quarter of the actual cultivators of farms in this country who" *
renters; and w. h.n twenty years in the states of Iowa and Illinois the mortgag s
on farms have increased th.rty-three per cent, of the actual valueTthe
farms. Is it not enough to make any thinking man ask if tk.„„ • .
thing wrong somewhere? Possibly it would be answered "Ye ^ T*'
right to inquire whether there is something wrong or not, bulTor GoX JSa*
don't think that Socialism will do t any good or if v™, ,L •■., , '
It ,s a„ right to think, but we wil, punfsn tVyZlZ^olv^ ^
Parsons, in his testimony, repeated what he had said «t *kT w
on .he night of May 4, when he stated that this was an fm! Haymarket
because the patriotic tricksters who have been te ling the peonT? ^T'
the American flag, while they quietly put their hands in S ,WOr8h'P
robbed them-they have said that this ismerelv a ^roT^ZZ^T*
an American question, and the close contact of nations cemented S?,- .* •?
ities of civilization, is bringing all the questions that affeet one nl^ >* I
all people equally all over the world. What affects the EuropeanTab ^
his employer affects the American laborer and his AmerWn , W aDd
the relationship is the same between the two classes an emP'°yer, and
In the winter of 1884-5 one hundred and twenty American *irl„ „, <
teen and sixteen years of age were drivnn f™™ .u • i_ g of four-
down of the Merrimac mills ifconnecZt and th*" ^ by the 8huttin*
through the bleak New England 1^^^^™*"* * *■*
stacks, and numbers of them undoubtedly fann?X?C£K. T^'