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The Chicago martyrs
Image 48
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The Chicago martyrs - Image 48. 1899. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. October 26, 2020. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/1725/show/1605.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

(1899). The Chicago martyrs - Image 48. Socialist and Communist Pamphlets. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/1725/show/1605

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

The Chicago martyrs - Image 48, 1899, Socialist and Communist Pamphlets, Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries, accessed October 26, 2020, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/1725/show/1605.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Compound Item Description
Title The Chicago martyrs
Alternative Title The Chicago martyrs: the famous speeches of the eight anarchists in Judge Gary's court, October 7, 8, 9, 1886, and Reasons for pardoning Fielden, Neebe, and Schwab
Contributor (LCNAF)
  • Altgeld, John Peter, 1847-1902
  • Spies, August Vincent Theodore, 1855-1887
Publisher Free Society Publishing Co.
Place of Creation (TGN)
  • San Francisco, California
Date 1899
Subject.Topical (LCSH)
  • Haymarket Square Riot, Chicago, Ill., 1886
  • Anarchists
Subject.Name (LCNAF)
  • Fielden, Samuel, 1847-
  • Neebe, Oscar W., 1850-
  • Schwab, Michael, 1853-
Genre (AAT)
  • pamphlets
Language English
Type (DCMI)
  • Text
Original Item Extent 159 pages; [2] leaves of plates; 1 illustration; 1 portrait; 23 cm.
Original Item Location HX846.C4C43 1899
Original Item URL http://library.uh.edu/record=b8319999~S11
Original Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection URL http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp
Repository Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries
Repository URL http://libraries.uh.edu/branches/special-collections
Use and Reproduction This item is in the public domain and may be used freely.
File Name index.cpd
Item Description
Title Image 48
Format (IMT)
  • image/jpeg
File Name uhlib_21042507_047.jpg
Transcript 40 ADDRESS OP SAMUET, FIELDEN. cost of machinery, the rent of buildings, the interest on money, and the wages paid to employees. It went into different lines of production, and, summing up, the result was this: That in a year'e time each man working as a wage laborer in the city of Chicago had added to the wealth of this city—by whomsoever it was possessed makes no difference—$2,764. The average wages paid for that average product of each worker was $457—a little more than one-sixth. And yet the political economists of the free trade and the protective schools were asking: "Why is it that we have overproduction?" You compel a man to work and produce $2,764 worth of goods and you give him $457 to buy them with, and you ask: « Whv is it that we have overproduction, and why is it that our warehouses are full of goods and our workshops have to shut up, and our workmen are turned out on the highwav because there is nothing to do?" What is this tending to? Let me show the change of conditions as shown in Boston in forty years. Charles Pickens a mar, of acute perceptions, visited this country forty years ago, and he said that the sight of a beggar in the streets of Boston at that time would have created as much consternation as the sight of an angel with a drawn sword. A Boston paper m the winter of 1884-5 stated that there were some quarters m Boston where to own a stove was to be a comparative aristocrat. The poor people who lived m the ne.ghborhood paid a certain sum of money to rent the holes on the top of the stove that belonged to the aristocrats. You see he change, and there is this comparative change in the working classes of Z city, and in every large city in the union. It is a noted f^t 1Z •» ^u .ast t^nty or thirty years the farms of this ooant^ btn^£j £ n.g out of the possession of the actual cultivators until today there is a littk more than a quarter of the actual cultivators of farms in this country who" * renters; and w. h.n twenty years in the states of Iowa and Illinois the mortgag s on farms have increased th.rty-three per cent, of the actual valueTthe farms. Is it not enough to make any thinking man ask if tk.„„ • . thing wrong somewhere? Possibly it would be answered "Ye ^ T*' right to inquire whether there is something wrong or not, bulTor GoX JSa* don't think that Socialism will do t any good or if v™, ,L •■., , ' It ,s a„ right to think, but we wil, punfsn tVyZlZ^olv^ ^ Parsons, in his testimony, repeated what he had said «t *kT w on .he night of May 4, when he stated that this was an fm! Haymarket because the patriotic tricksters who have been te ling the peonT? ^T' the American flag, while they quietly put their hands in S ,WOr8h'P robbed them-they have said that this ismerelv a ^roT^ZZ^T* an American question, and the close contact of nations cemented S?,- .* •? ities of civilization, is bringing all the questions that affeet one nl^ >* I all people equally all over the world. What affects the EuropeanTab ^ his employer affects the American laborer and his AmerWn , W aDd the relationship is the same between the two classes an emP'°yer, and In the winter of 1884-5 one hundred and twenty American *irl„ „, < teen and sixteen years of age were drivnn f™™ .u • i_ g of four- down of the Merrimac mills ifconnecZt and th*" ^ by the 8huttin* through the bleak New England 1^^^^™*"* * *■* stacks, and numbers of them undoubtedly fann?X?C£K. T^'