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The Chicago martyrs
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The Chicago martyrs - Image 32. 1899. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. October 29, 2020. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/1725/show/1589.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

(1899). The Chicago martyrs - Image 32. Socialist and Communist Pamphlets. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/1725/show/1589

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

The Chicago martyrs - Image 32, 1899, Socialist and Communist Pamphlets, Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries, accessed October 29, 2020, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp/item/1725/show/1589.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title The Chicago martyrs
Alternative Title The Chicago martyrs: the famous speeches of the eight anarchists in Judge Gary's court, October 7, 8, 9, 1886, and Reasons for pardoning Fielden, Neebe, and Schwab
Contributor (LCNAF)
  • Altgeld, John Peter, 1847-1902
  • Spies, August Vincent Theodore, 1855-1887
Publisher Free Society Publishing Co.
Place of Creation (TGN)
  • San Francisco, California
Date 1899
Subject.Topical (LCSH)
  • Haymarket Square Riot, Chicago, Ill., 1886
  • Anarchists
Subject.Name (LCNAF)
  • Fielden, Samuel, 1847-
  • Neebe, Oscar W., 1850-
  • Schwab, Michael, 1853-
Genre (AAT)
  • pamphlets
Language English
Type (DCMI)
  • Text
Original Item Extent 159 pages; [2] leaves of plates; 1 illustration; 1 portrait; 23 cm.
Original Item Location HX846.C4C43 1899
Original Item URL http://library.uh.edu/record=b8319999~S11
Original Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection Socialist and Communist Pamphlets
Digital Collection URL http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/scpamp
Repository Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries
Repository URL http://libraries.uh.edu/branches/special-collections
Use and Reproduction This item is in the public domain and may be used freely.
File Name index.cpd
Item Description
Title Image 32
Format (IMT)
  • image/jpeg
File Name uhlib_21042507_031.jpg
Transcript 24 ADDRESS OP OSCAR NEEBE. them together, and today they are working only until 7 o'clock in the evening and no Sunday work. That is a great crime I have committed, in your sight' 1 saved for the men from four to five hours a day. I have saved"the bakers from six to eiglit hours work a day, and that gives them time for education We Socialists are great believers that the laboring men should educate themselves, not w he ignoramuses, as some people express themselves, "as the ignorant Anarchists are." We are great friends of education and a reduction of the hours of labor. A reduction of the hours of labor was mv principal aim and I have done some good work to bring it about. I have been in the labor movement since 1866. I have seen how the police have trodden on the Constitution of this country, and crushed the labor organisations. I have seen from year to year how they were trodden down where they were shot down, where they were "driven into their holes like rats " as Mr Grinnell said to the jury. Hut they will come out! Remember hat within three years before the beginning of the French Revolution, when laws had been stretched like rubber, that the rubber stretched too lone and broke-a result which cost a good many State's attorneys and a good many honorable men their necks. ' We Socialists hope such times may never come again; we do everything ,n our power to prevent it such as reducing the hours of labor and increasing wages. But you capitalists won't allow this to he done. You use your power to perpetuate a system by whirl, you make your money for yourselves and keep the wage workers poor. Yon make them ignorant and miserable, and you are responsible for it. You won't let the toilers live a decent life We want to educate the masses and keep them back from destroying life and property but we are not able to hold the masses when starvation brings them out of their holes like rats. I have walked along the streets of this citv and l have seen the rate come from their holes by the hundreds in the ha* ments, where men pay five and ten cents for lodgings. I have seen the miserable wretches there in the day begging for a piece of bread, and in the ni»ht tney lie there in an air that was difficult to breathe. I have honn i„ fi 10, 12, and 2 o'clock at night, and when those "rats" are let out o" heir holes and get desperate I would not like to be near them. The time will come that you will see them. ^ ou rich men don't want the poor educated. You don*r want anybody to be educated You want to keep them down in the mud so you can squeeze the last drop of blood out of their bones We asked the capitalists once at a meeting to discuss the question „f labor, and .Mr. Gary was invited, and each one of them was invited IT hody appeared. They didn't want to discuss the question; they didnTcarc for it. \\ hat is the next question? No discussion, more tratlim, „., militia, and 300 more police. For what? To catch the tMeves? frJ^T daily papers and see that burglaries are taking place all over the t i don't see that they catch any. There are some twelve hundred odd policemen in the city of Chicago, and every day so many burglaries. Maybe S " them to make a case sometimes, and they don't arrest them; but when comes to arresting a poor workingman they are all there. On JYIav 9 I came home, my wife, who is delicate, told me that the patrol wagon wm twenty-five police, came to search my house. I must be a ,»„ / very ciangerous