ADDRESS OF MICHAEL 8CHWrAB.
upon the men who own the land and machines. And that is the reason that
Socialism and Communism got a foothold in this country. The outcry that
Socialism, Communism and Anarchism are the creed of foreigners, is a big
mistake. There are more Socialists of American birth in this country than
foreigners, and that is much, if we consider that more than half of all industrial workingmen are native Americans. There are Socialistic papers in a
great many states edited by Americans for Americans. The capitalistic newspapers conceal that fact very carefully.
Socialism, as we understand it, means that laud and machinery shall be
held in common by the people. The production of goods shall be carried on
by productive groups which shall supply the demands of the people. Under
such a system every human being would have an opportunity to do useful
work, and no doubt would work. Some hours' work everv day would suffice
to produce all, according to statistics, that iR necessary for a comfortable living. Time would be left to cultivate the mind, and to further science and art.
That is what the Socialists propose. Some say, it is un-American! Well,
then, is it American to let people starve and die in ignorance? Is exploitation
and robbery of the poor, American? What have the great political parties
done for the poor? Promised much ; done nothing, except corrupting them
by buying their votes on election day. A poverty-stricken man has no interest
in the welfare of the community. It is only natural that in a society where
women are driven to sell their honor, men should sell their votes.
But we were not only "Socialists and (1ommunists;" we were "Anarchists."
What is Anarchy?
Is it not strange that when Anarchy was tried nobody ever told what Anarchy was? Kven when I was on the witness stand, and asked the State's
attorney for a definition of Anarchy, he declined to give it. But in their
speeches he and his associates spoke very frequently about Anarchy, and it
appeared that they understood it to be something horrible—arson, rapine,
murder. In so speaking, Mr. Grinnell and his associates did not speak the
truth. They searched the Alarm and the Arbeiter-Zeitung, and hunted up
articles wrritten years before the month of May, 1886. In the columns of these
papers it is very often stated what we, the Anarchists, understood by the
term Anarchy. And we are the only competent judges in this matter. As
soon as the word is applied to us and our doctrine, it carries with it the meaning which we, the Anarchists, saw fit to give to it. "Anarchy" is Greek, and
means, verbatim: without rulership; not being ruled. According to our
vocabulary, Anarchy is a state of society, in which the only government is
reason ; a state of society in which all human beings do right for the simple
reason that it is right, and bate wrong because it is wrong. In such a society,
no laws, no compulsion will be necessary. The attorney for the State was
wrong when he said: "Anarchy is dead." Anarchy, up to the present day,
has existed only as a doctrine, and Mr. Grinnell has not the power to kill any
doctrine whatever. You may call Anarchy, as defined by us, an idle dream,
but that dream was dreamed by Gotthold Fphraim Lessing, one of the three
great German poets and the most celebrated German critic of the last century.
If Anarchy were the thing the State's attorney makes it out to be, how could