ADDRESS OP \l<;i >T SIMES.
"Our large ffactories and mines, and the machinery of exchange and
transportation, apart from every other consideration, have become too vast
for private control. Individuals can no longer monopolize them.
"[Everywhere, wherever we cast our eyes, we find forced upon our attention the unnatural and injurious effects of unregulated private production.
We see how one man, or a number of men, have not only brought into the
embrace of their private ownership a few inventions in technical lines, but
have also confiscated for their exclusive advantage all natural powers, such as
water, steam, and electricity. Every fresh invention, every discovery belongs
to them. The world exists for them only. That they destroy their fellow beings right and left they little care. That, by their machinery, they even work
the bodies of little children into gold pieces, they hold to be an especially good
work and a genuine Christian act. They murder, as we have said, little children and women by hard labor, while they let strong men go hungry for lack
" People ask themselves how such things are possible, and the answer is
that the competitive system is the cause of it. The thought of a co-operative,
social, rational, and well regulated system of management irresistibly impresses the observer. The advantages of such a system are of such a convincing kind, so patent to observation—and where could there be any other way
out of it? According to physical laws a body always moves itself, consciously
or unconsciously, along the line of least resistance. So does society as a whole.
The path of co-operative labor and distribution is leveled by the concentration
of the means of labor under the private capitalistic system. We are already
moving right in that track. We cannot retreat even if we would. The force
of circumstances drives us on to Socialism.
" i And now, Mr. Spies, won't you tell us how you are going to carry out
the expropriation of the possessing classes?' asked Rev. Dr. Scudder.
"* The answer is the thing itself. The key is furnished by the storms
raging through the industrial life of the present. You see how penuriously
the owners of the factories, of the mines, cling to their privileges, and will not
yield the breadth of an inch. On the other hand, you see the half starved
proletarians driven to the verge of violence.'
" ' So your remedy would be violence? '
" * Remedy? Well, I should like it better if it could be done without violence, but you, gentlemen, and the class you represent, take care that it cannot be accomplished otherwise. Let us suppose that the workingmen of today
go to their employers, and say to them : " Listen! Your administration of
affairs doesn't suit us any more; it leads to disastrous consequences. While one
part of us are worked to death, the others, out of employment, are starved to
death; little children are ground to death in the factories, while strong, vigorous men remain idle; the masses live in misery wrhile a small class of respectables enjoy luxury and wealth; all this is the result of your maladministration, which will bring misfortune even to yourselves; step down and out
now; let us have your property, which is nothing but unpaid labor; we shall
take this thing in our own hands; we shall administrate matters satisfactorily, and regulate the institutions of society ; voluntarily we shall pay you a
life-long pension." Now, do you think the ' bosses' would accept this propo-